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bitcoin evolution Review, Conclusions, and Helpful Tips

bitcoin evolution Review, Conclusions, and Helpful Tips

https://preview.redd.it/c6yqiqmfn3h51.jpg?width=1280&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=b563ac2d2547a4602ac117dc34442e0e19e7985b
As an example, if Bitcoin prices are plummeting as a consequence of a 51 percent assault, robo-traders are able to scan news in milliseconds of an announcement and take a brief position.
Bitcoin Evolution system claims to have the accuracy of 99% meaning that it gets the decisions that are perfect most of the times.

This robo-trader makes it possible for investors to trade or automatically. We urges automatic trading for most new beginners.
Using Bitcoin Evolution automatic trading, traders should require less than 20 minutes a day to track their accounts.
Open account

How does it work? Key Features. Does it have a mobile app?
Bitcoin Evolution Image of this product
The Bitcoin Evolution account opening procedure is a simple one and shouldn’t take you over three minutes. Additionally, the program usage and setup is self-explanatory and does not need any technical skills. Bitcoin Evolution

For traders who may get stuck at the procedure, Bitcoin Evolution provides troubleshooting substances at request. Basic usage details are also available on the Bitcoin Evolution website. Before we proceed through the registration process, it’s crucial to notice that the risk related to trading crypto-assets nevertheless exists when trading with all robots. While traders are prone to make profits, they’re also able to make losses.

Once again, novice traders shouldn’t invest a sum they cannot afford to lose. More information about the opportunities and dangers of using this robo-trader is found on the stipulations page about the Bitcoin Evolution site.

Bitcoin Evolution Signup
The initial step involves submitting personal details such as name, contact number and email on a form provided on the Bitcoin Evolution website. This measure also involves password creation. Bitcoin Evolution highlights best practices to secure and protect passwords automatically rejecting poor passwords. For the album, a strong password is believed to have a mixture of lower and upper case letters, symbols, and figures.

The very first step also involves agreeing with the stipulations of Bitcoin Evolution and also opting in or out of their mailing list. InsideBitcoin applauds the very fact that this crypto trader unlike most of its competitors doesn’t send clients unsolicited mails without their consent. Bitcoin evolution is SSL secured to protect clients’ private data from cyber attackers. The Secure Socket Layer (SSL) is an online protocol that encrypts information sent between clients and servers, so, hiding it in snoopers.

Deposit
After account creation, customers must deposit at least #250 to last. This amount is thought to be the initial funding. Bitcoin Evolution accepts multiple payment systems to add Visa, MasterCard, PostPay, SEPA Transfer and digital payment techniques such as Skrill along with Krarna. These methods are also applicable to withdrawals.

This robo-trader doesn’t cost anything for withdrawals and deposits but some penalties may be applicable to the financial institutions facilitating the trades. InsideBitcoin couldn’t specify the time that it requires for deposits to signify on a customer’s account. Dealers can get clarifications by calling Bitcoin Evolution customer service centre.
Beginner traders may get a feel of this Bitcoin Evolution system by trying their demo account . But it ought to be mentioned that the minimum deposit must be made first to get this account. The demo account is only but a simulation of the actual account utilizing historic data. This usually means that there is not any difference between demo trading and real trading.

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The Bitcoin Evolution accounts is completely equipped to provide beginner traders a true sense of trading. The same as the real account, the demonstration account allows both manual and automated trading.
As mentioned before in this Bitcoin Evolution inspection, thisr Bitcoin Evolution allows both the automated and manual trading. In automated trading, customers are required to monitor their accounts for under 20 minutes every day. Guide trading might take additional time and is most appropriate for experienced traders
With this particular trading robot, you can earn thousands of dollars each day based on your invested funds. While we cannot ensure that the claims made by affiliates will be 100% true, we could ascertain you will be able to make returns above what you may get through the investment methods.

We recommends that you start with a small investment and update your account since you become comfortable using their trading platform.

Bitcoin evolution appears to be a legitimate crypto-trader as evidenced with the tech supporting it along with users’ testimonials. But, it is tricky to ascertain whether the sample outcome are true.
We finds the account creation process to be an easy one and the withdrawal and deposit methods to be extremely convenient. Just like, Bitcoin Evolution provides both automatic and manual trading. InsideBitcoin urges that novice investors utilize the account that is automatic and start with not more than the amount.
Is Bitcoin Evolution strategy fake? The Platform
Bitcoin Evolution process is based on technology known to create enormous returns in stock trading and the currency and valid. We did not locate any complaints about the platform. We highly suggest this trading syst

https://www.bitcoinevolutionpro.com/
submitted by Bitcoinevolutions to u/Bitcoinevolutions [link] [comments]

r/Bitcoin recap - June 2019

Hi Bitcoiners!
I’m back with the 30th monthly Bitcoin news recap.
For those unfamiliar, each day I pick out the most popularelevant/interesting stories in Bitcoin and save them. At the end of the month I release them in one batch, to give you a quick (but not necessarily the best) overview of what happened in bitcoin over the past month.
You can see recaps of the previous months on Bitcoinsnippets.com
A recap of Bitcoin in May 2019
Adoption
Development
Security
Mining
Business
Research
Education
Regulation & Politics
Archeology (Financial Incumbents)
Price & Trading
Fun & Other
submitted by SamWouters to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

[WP] “I’ve always wondered, what’s the scythe for, anyway?” I asked, as Death escorted me to the Underworld. "Protection," he nervously replied.

Death is confusing. Annoying.
Annoying and confusing. Also really dark. Not morbid dark, but night mode dark.
First beef: it's downright disorderly. You'd think they'd have nailed down the process by now, but the post-death user experience eats a bag of dicks. I know that's a bit crass, but it's abundantly clear the heaven/hell thing is total BS so I'm just gonna let it fly. Earmuffs for the kids.
Now, I want to get it straight that this isn't about bitterness. I don't got a problem with the fact I'm dead. I played a dangerous game and my number came up. Shit happens. Anyone who gets on one of those ride-share scooter things knows any day might be their last. My only regret was getting smoked by a Tesla -- half my money was in TSLA stock and I don't see a headline like "Autonomous Driving in Question After Local Kid Gets ABSOLUTELY DESTROYED by Model 3 on Autopilot" doing much for my portfolio.
Life is full of irony.
I'm pretty sure that isn't how you use that word but no one called Alanis out on that shit so whatever. What was her deal anyways? She was smokin' hot as God in that movie Dogma. I could totally go for a hot God. Way better curveball than what I'm dealing with now.
I'm losing the thread of the story here, but it isn't like I'm short on time. That's sort of the point. Elon Musk assassinates me and then I'm just sitting here in some weird black abyss. No escalator to heaven. No gateway to hell. Nothing. Zip. Nada. Guess someone forgot to boot up Afterlife.exe. Totally lame.
Even worse than rain on your wedding day.
I've got no idea how long I've been here. Day? Hour? Months?
This is torture. I'm a millennial without an internet connection. I can't even check Instagram to see how many likes my funeral announcement got.
Maybe this is hell. I don't even have my ADHD meds. Gonna be a LOOOOONNNGGGGG afterlife at this rate.
Do you think Alanis knew that nothing she was talking about in that song was ironic? Like, she was literally 0 for something like 50 in her examples. Totally dropped the ball. Wait...what if that's the irony? Did she just go META with it? Layers! So many layers. Mind blown. I can't even with this right now. Finally something worth tweeting about and here I am in this low rent, third tier afterlife.
S to the IGH.
I'll tell you this much, if I knew this was how it was going to go down, I would have done way more stuff at Burning Man. Orgy tent for sure. I also would have worn those assless chaps I'd brought but never got the courage to wear. Carpe diem. That's probably exactly what that ancient philosopher dude had in mind when he made that up. Assless chaps. The only way to seize the day. I should do marketing for them.
Oh, wait. Hold up. Someone is coming.
"Hey, over here!" Oh. Cool. He sees me. One sec. Gotta take care of this. Oh man, his fashion style is way off. It's like a black mumu or something. Or a bathrobe. Great, I've been stuck in the pitch black for who knows how long and the first thing I see is some guy that couldn't even bother to get dressed. What a disaster.
Oh snap, he's got a HUGE scythe. Like late game WoW raid dungeon loot drop or something. Plus ten to awesome. Guess I'd rock a mumu if I had something like that. Maybe. I'd probably still wear jeans. You know what? I think this dude is Death. I'll let you know when he gets a bit closer. He's got the hood up on his mumu.
Cool. He's almost here. "Sup man? You hear to explain what's up or what?" I call out a bit louder than I mean to, but I'm an eager little beaver for some company.
"Shhh..." He's got a boney hand. I mean, his hand is actual bones and he's all making the shh maneuver. Holy shirt balls, he's got a skull for a face. Or his skull doesn't have a face. The guy is like the skeleton I had in my 6th grade science class.
But with a mumu.
"Dude, don't shh me. I've been stuck here in midnight mode for like forever waiting on your boney ass." Just 'cause I'm dead doesn't mean I gotta take crap from some guy that can't even bother to show up on time.
"Silence, Departed." He hissed that last bit. Uh oh, his eyes are glowing red now. I mean where his eyes would normally be. The eye sockets are red glowy. I repeat, the eye sockets are red glowy. I decide to play it cool and go quiet mode, just in case he has laser beams or something.
Once he sees me shut my trap, he leans closer, "We must travel quickly. The passage is closing, the way may soon be lost." That made about as much sense as Bitcoin. I just give him a nod and two thumbs up. Pays to be positive when someone might have eye-socket-lasers. Just going with the flow. No one mind me.
He nods once and then turns away. He sort of floats rather than walks and I'm pulled along somehow. Can't really even say how I know I'm moving since everything is still all black. I guess maybe because his mumu is fluttering?
Some time passes. I won't bother filling you in on that part, it was mostly me wondering whether Death has a dick. That's me, your humble narrator, asking the tough questions. Well, I didn't actually ask him. If he doesn't have one, I bet it's a sore subject.
Anyways, some unit of abyss time went by. No idea how long since I don't have my phone still. Just watching Death float along in front of me with his huge loot drop wet dream scythe. That thing is gnarly. Probably over-compensating if ya know what I mean. It even gleams despite the fact there is like no light coming from anywhere here. Must have been a premium item. Can't get that on free-to-play.
"So, Deatherino (nicknames are fun), I've always wondered, what's the scythe for, anyway?"
The mumu stops fluttering. I think we're standing still. He's turning to look back at me now. The eye glow is back, but it's like pale blue or something. Not sure what that means. Maybe ice beams? I don't know why he'd need laser beams and ice beams, it seems unnecessary.
"Protection." He sounds nervous. That's sort of weird. What does a skeleton in a mumu got to fear? Broken bones? Calcium deficiency?
I lean forward, trying to make him feel a bit more comfortable, "Don't worry man, I won't attack you. You're my ride."
Oh shit. The eyes are flicking back to laser beam color. "Not you." Death sounds annoyed now.
I throw up my hands, letting him know I'm cool. "I know bro, that's what I just said. We're totally chill."
"Them," he says. Looking into the black. I'm seeing nothing.
"Who?"
"The abyss. The night spreaders," he whispered, his hands gripping the scythe.
"Yeah, well, I'm not looking to get spread tonight, naw'what'i'mean?" I wink at him.
"Departed, this is not a joke. They have swallowed much. Even the passage is under threat. We tread in the dark because the light has been stolen."
I nod along. Sounded like serious stuff. "That doesn't sound good."
Death regarded me quietly for a moment, the socket-glow gone. "It is not. I will save who I can, but soon the Departed will be lost, the way to the Underworld closed."
I wasn't sure what to make of that, but it looked like Death could use some commiseration. "Sucks." I wasn't sure what was so great about the Underworld, but it seemed like the right thing to say.
Death stared at me.
"I'm just saying it sounds bad dude." I shrug, "Like rain on your wedding day."
The red socket glow returned. Guess he wasn't much for irony.
submitted by PerilousPlatypus to PerilousPlatypus [link] [comments]

sharkT4nk dotonion

So I’m a 28 year old guy, and not exactly what most people would consider a normal one, thank god. No one, including any of my friends, knows just how deep that actually goes. Not even my best friend of 19 years, who I’m gonna call John, suspected a thing until it was too late. I’m gonna call myself Ghost for this, cause as far as any of you, or the feds for that matter, are concerned that’s all I am or ever will be. Every single thing I post as Gh0sT666 comes from a different IP address and its original location is completely untraceable, lol everything about Gh0sT666 is completely untraceable too for that matter. I learned the skills needed to do this kinda shit through years of using the dark web.
Its been 8 or 9 years now, and the dark web has been a blessing so to speak. I went from watching the same old shit on BestGore to getting to see some real shit, live videos in all of their glorious and grotesque carnage. Shit I hadn’t ever seen before. It was love at first site. I’m not gonna go into depth on how I found out about this place or any hacking technicals, or even what this beautiful place is called. If you have to ask you’ll never know. I love this place way too much to risk it being compromised. Besides, we already have plenty of active patrons.
My first experience with what I’m gonna call SharkT4nk for the purpose of writing this was when I was around 19 or 20 or some shit. It was extremely hard to get into and took hours of coding work (now ive gotten it down to just the press of a button and a randomized 26 character password, including letters like æ œ ø and ß so even if the feds do manage to find me, good luck guessing it ;) ) to access, but the second I heard that first scream I was sold. The page had a chat room on the right side of the screen, grey background, neon green text, and a loading video player taking up the rest of the screen.
You could drag the chat box around wherever you want, and there was a control panel under it that listed off camera numbers and tip amounts. The video was taking time to load, still stuck on the same frame as when it appeared, the sound was coming through though. The sound of a power tool of some kind was dominating most of the audio but there was a super high pitched scream along with it. Finally, after what felt like 10 minutes, the video loaded and I saw it. The most beautiful piece of throbbing erection inducing gore I had ever seen. I can still remember it perfectly to this day.
There was a large dark room, all you could see from the fluorescent light held up over the scene was a metal table with a girl strapped to it and a men next to her. There was what looked to be a tarp or plastic wrap or something all over the floor, and a small surgical table with the tools of the trade that id come to know so well placed on it. You could just barely see the shadowy outline of a forklift in the background. The girl was held down to the metal table with what looked like leather straps that were probably once white, now caked with deep reddish brown stains with bright red blood splattered on top, reflecting the light from the fluorescent bulb about 5 or 6 feet above.
The man standing next to her was wearing a dark sweatshirt with a brownish red stained leather smock over it, dark pants, and a guy fawkes mask soaked with blood. The power tool I had heard was a sawzall, it wasn’t being used anymore unfortunately, but you could clearly tell what had been done with it. The bicep on this 20 something year old girls left arm was hanging off the bone, and the man in the guy fawkes mask was grabbing and squeezing and pulling at her torn bicep, all the while the girl on the table was screaming and sobbing the beautiful harmonies of agony. In a frenzy of dialed in, unadulterated sexual energy I unzipped my pants and began pleasuring myself, very careful not to finish too soon without seeing what happened next. I noticed the chat box had filled up with new requests, some of the user names having a gold star next to them and a bitcoin tip next to the requests. I scroll back and see one with a gold star and a tip of around 250 usd worth of bitcoin.
“Cut the muscle off of its arm with a hack saw”
I scroll down to the bottom and see the most recent starred request with a $500 tip. “cut the connective tissue in its jaw, clamp its head and neck down to the table, and rip its jaw off with the forklift”
Need I describe the mess I had to clean up off the back of my laptop?
I later learned that those gold stars next to their ambiguous user names were to show that they were one of that particular videos sponsors, and they had helped pay the fee for the kidnapping of the person in the video (we call them livestock) and the materials to be used in it. for a price that varied based on their original contribution, they could choose what happens next to the Livestock. Well needless to say my friends, I quickly learned that I wanted to be at the top of that list of sponsors on every video that I could be. The thrill of just watching something this beautifully macabre, so blissfully dark, so magically grotesque, wasn’t enough. I knew I needed more control than id get by being just another one of the plebs that were just watching.
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Me and john had been really close ever since we were kids. We were the only ones in our town that were into comic books, sci fi, and fantasy and shit, so we naturally gravitated towards each other. I had a couple family members that I liked, which was was nice. Unfortunately john never did, his older brother hated him for some reason, and most of his family were shitty to him. He didn’t like to talk about that stuff though.
We were both pretty small growing up, and never exactly all that brave, but one time we were down by the pond in our town and there were a couple older kids picking on us, and one of them threw my bike in the pond and pushed me down. John picked up the biggest rock he could throw and lobbed it straight at the kids head, busting him open and actually making him cry. They ran off pretty quick after that. John picked me up and I nodded my thanks. He said “you know you’re the closest thing I have to family, I got you bro”. It meant a lot considering he never spoke about family related stuff.
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I started sponsoring feeds on Shark_T4nk a couple years after finding it. I had a pretty well paying job at the time working as a coder for a tech company, as well as a bit of credit card fraud on the side, so I had plenty to spare. just watching was starting to get boring. The hours spent at that job felt like a horrible waste of time, but I knew I needed to grind through it to be able to afford to keep sponsoring Feeds. At this point I was just a base level contributor, I donated 750 usd to the funding pool which gave me rights to place low priority bids on what happens to the livestock and got me a silver star.
I did this for around a year, until I got a promotion and started making enough that I could finally spend more, much much more towards my now fully engulfing addiction. For around 1500 I got a gold star, top priority bids and access to a pov camera attached to the handlers (the guy doing the actual torturing) mask. For 2500 you got a green star, top bidding, pov cam, you get to choose some of the materials and tools used, and you can buy souvenirs taken from the victim (usually articles of clothing, personal belongings, sometimes teeth or skull fragments, even cuts of meat if you so desired and wanted to Fork up the cash for it, if you’ll excuse my pun) mailed to a P.O. box of your choosing. Those were the main levels that everyone bought into, but I wanted more.
The top level of sponsorship was extremely rare, ive watched almost every feed for the past couple years at this point and I had never seen one. Not once. It cost 15000 usd and with that you get the works, you get all the perks of the green star except you now have a purple star, you can choose all of the materials and tools used, what happens and when it happens, whether the video is private or for the whole group (private is an extra 5000), and best of all seeing you’re the only contributor you get to choose the Livestock. You can choose anyone you want, excluding public officials.
For the base level 15k purple star you can choose from their current lineup of livestock, you can see their stories, screen shots of their facebook pages with all of their friends and family members posts saying “we miss you” “we love you” and all that gushy shit. For 30,000 it can be anyone in the US. For 40,000 anyone in north America. For 100,000 anyone in the world. Apparently public officials can be chosen too, but those prices range from a million to 20 billion and costs 5,000 to 25,000 to even watch it and is reserved for VIP purple stars only (4 time purple sponsor).
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As me and john got older we started gravitating more towards the world of drugs and music. Wed go to festivals in the summer and take ecstasy and acid and have a blast, and in the winter we’d do coke and and ketamine in my room listening to music on my dads record player. We never really had “problems” with drugs, we just enjoyed them. I was always kind of like a kid brother to john, even though he was only a couple years older than me, so he was a bit awkward about introducing me to the stuff at first, but I eventually talked him into it, and god damn am I glad he did.
To this day some of my best memories were of me and him rolling our faces off walking around outside in the rain with no shoes on; and seeing massive geometric patterns in the night sky on acid thinking we were talking to god, talking about the meaning of life and all of our deepest passions and fears. At this point we were without a doubt as thick as blood, we knew each other inside and out, but more importantly we trusted each other and that’s hard to come by in this life.
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The first time I got to see a purple star next to my name was glorious. I decided to keep the video private, in celebration of my first time holding the reins. I chose this 30 year old French man from their stock, who was acquired thanks to its lack of knowledge on protecting its identity while browsing the Dark Web. The only tools and materials I picked were pliers, a kitchen knife, a ball peen hammer, and a drum of hydrochloric acid. First I had the handler grab the livestocks bottom lip and pull it down till it bled profusely, almost ripping it from its face, and smash its teeth in with the ball side of the hammer. The sound of his teeth breaking, like shattering plastc or ceramic, and his whimpering scream made me quiver with pure ecstasy (which I had taken a lot of 30 minutes prior to starting the Feed, obviously got it from john). As the .4 of pure MDMA that I took was just rushing in and my teeth started to grind I told the handler to crush his left testicle with the pliers.
He had a rough time of it too, it kept popping out from in between the jaws of the pliers. I had to settle for him holding it in place with his hand, blocking most of the good stuff from my view. At least I could still hear the scream and the squish. The Feed went on for another couple hours and it climaxed, around the same time and the same fashion as I did (for the third time), in a sticky puddle. The handler funneled acid down the livestocks throat, melting it from the inside out, along with part of the table. The sizzling, bubbling, gurgling sounds are still embedded in my memory, and still arouse me to this day.
Once every six months I would fully fund a Feed, usually just going for the pre caught livestock, but after a while even that got boring. I needed something better. More personal. I decided to spend the 30 grand on something special.
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I had been hanging out with my friend John quite a bit in recent weeks, and when we weren’t hanging out we were texting each other almost constantly. one day he stopped replying to my texts entirely. I went to his house later that night and knocked, and his mom answered the door. “hello Mrs Doe!” I said to her, “is john here?”. “No, he isn’t hun, I just got home, haven’t seen him all day” she said with a polite smile. This wasn’t exactly out of the ordinary for him, john was still living with his parents technically but he spent most of his time away from the house hanging out with people, getting drunk and doing coke.

“Im sorry mrs doe, but could I run up to johns room for a second? I think I left my phone charger up there last night.”. “Of course dear, just make sure you take off your shoes before going up” after all these years she still reminded me to take my shoes off when I come in the house. She was a nice lady, a bit too much so, at least when people were watching. She spoiled the shit out of John growing up, that’s why he’s still living at his moms house, which she must deeply regret seeing how she treats him now.
I took my shoes off at the door, ran up the stairs and around the corner, opened the door to his room and shut it behind me. Looking around as quickly as I could, searching through mountains of trash and piles of comics and records, I found what I was looking for under the sheet next to his pillow. He had kept a journal ever since he was a kid, It was a small notebook with a light blue cover with a couple of fresh blood drops on it and a couple hundred pages of lined paper. I doubt he knew I, or anyone for that matter, knew about that book. What can I say? I get nosey when im fucked up. I tucked it under my shirt, pulled his phone charger out of the wall socket and headed back down stairs. “thanks Mrs Doe! Have a good night!” I said cheerily as I walked out the door and back to my car.
When I got home I opened the notebook up to the most recent page and turned back a few pages until I found what I was looking for
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After reading the notebook I opened my laptop, set up all of my security (which takes about 5 minutes) and logged onto Shark_T4nk. I already received my conformation. this brought a smile to my face, I knew that the fun part was just around the corner. I felt like a teenager rushing home to watch porn.
I replied to the conformation with my conformation code
“Package secure” said one of the gold crowns (admins)
“Question. I’ve been a purple star for 4 years now. You know I’m not a narc or a casual, I’ve spent hundreds of thousands here. Is there any way I could do it myself this time? I would pay literally anything and go literally anywhere.”
20 minutes went by.
“Get a secured burner phone and text this number with your confirmation code. You will receive a location pin. Be there on February 24 at 2:00 am. Not a second later. Park at least a mile away and walk the rest of the way. The cost will be 1mil” he messaged back, along with a number.
When you reach VIP purple star status after 4 purple level sponsorships you receive and code, a string of sixteen random words in different languages, some letters replaced by numbers, some by symbols. I sent that code and the reply was almost instant, I clicked the link and it brought me to that phones map app. It was a 16 hour drive into the next state over. I knew it would be well worth every second and droplet of gas it took. Now I just had to wait 6 days, and let me tell you, they dragged by slower than a spoiled little kids week before Christmas.
I could barely contain myself that whole week, everyone at work was asking me what I was so excited about, I kept having to say I was going on vacation to Aruba for a few days and ended up getting the whole week off. John never came home the day I grabbed his notebook, My friends started asking if I had seen him. I hadn’t.
Eventually the week of waiting came to pass and it was time to hit the road. I was practically shaking too bad to drive, but I tried to contain myself. I felt like I was on a small dose of molly, but a bit more anxious. Not in the scared sense, in the excited sense. The 16 hours of driving went by surprisingly fast, I only stopped twice, once to piss and once to eat. I don’t remember cheap fried chicken and mashed potatoes with gravy ever tasting so good.
Finally, around 1:35, I got to the town I was meeting them at. it was a dark, empty town with not too much in it. I parked in a free parking lot next to a small movie theater. Walked down the road past the police station and the fire station, past a fast food place, and took a left past a convenience store and a video game store down a dark unlit road that led out towards the woods just outside if town. The road continued until the lights from town were all but invisible, after several minutes of walking (no small feet for a hacker that sits in front of a computer all day) I got to a small improvised parking area that was dug out from years of teenagers slamming their parents cars into park to go smoke weed in the woods. This is where the map was bringing me. I had to use the burner phones flashlight to see where I was going. I checked the phone to see what time it was, 1:59, perfect.
Sure enough, at precisely 2am, a small black van came driving down the road, going just about the speed limit. It pulled just past me, and the two back doors opened. A large dark figure wearing a guy fawkes mask jumped out of the back of the van, and before I had the time to react he was putting a black cloth bag over my head. I was definitely scared but I tried to contain it, I knew it would probably have to be something like this, they wouldn’t just come pick me up without taking precautions. When we were in the back of the surprisingly spacious van, he said in a highly modulated voice “do you have any electronics on you? Phone? Ipod?” “yeah, just the burner phone” I replied as the van started moving. “is it untraceable back to you?” “of course” I said, trying to not sound too cocky.
He told me to give him the phone and that he was going to strip search me for wires or bugs of any kind, and I agreed. He took all of my clothes off, careful not to remove the black bag and I sat down, completely naked except for the mask. I could hear him thoroughly patting all of my clothes down. He must’ve been content, cause I heard him open a lockbox under his seat and put everything except for the phone in, taking out a bag with new clothes, and a mask for me. I clumsily put on everything he gave me, it was all a bit small for me but I wasn’t about to complain. When I felt the mask in my hands I was filled with an exhilarating excitement and almost started quivering violently.
I heard him unscrew the lid of a container which sounded like it had liquid in it. He gently placed something down in it and screwed the cap back on right as it started to quietly sizzle. “you lose the phone, you’ll get your clothes back when we return.” The modulated voice said. I heard him pull something out of his pocket, and unscrewed the cap off a different bottle, tipped the bottle over, apparently soaking the handkerchief or rag he had, and placed the rag over my face. I felt myself being dragged down into a deep pit of sleep.
I’m not sure how long I was out, or how long the rest of the drive was, but I was sure about the headache I had. It was one of the worst I had ever experienced. When I woke up I was in a dark room in a warehouse, seated on a couch. Well, less seated than laid the fuck out. The bag was gone, but the dark masked figures weren’t. Three of them were now standing as tall as trees in front of me, arms crossed, the sound of their breath reverberating off the inside of the plastic masks filling my ears. I could see they had modulators strapped around their throats like shock collars.
One of them reached a hand out to me, and I was about to take it thinking he was trying to help me up, but he lowered his hand and showed me that he had two pills for me. “chew and swallow. They're for the headache,” the distorted voice said “let us know when you’re ready to start.”. As apprehensive as I was about taking two random pills from people like this, at a place like this, I decided to just take them. I had come this far, and plus, im a huge contributor, why would they fuck themselves out of a probable future fortune. Two of the three figures walked out the door to the left of where I was sitting, and the other looked back at me through his mask, held the door open, waved me through, and cocked his head to the side.
I got up off the couch, and started to walk up when he said “Mask.”. I looked around to room, and back at the couch, it was laying there next to where I just was. I grabbed it, and donned the fabled Shark_T4nk mask, in all of its harrowing glory. This is when I could feel the true weight and intensity in the air, eluding to the magic of what was about to happen. This really is a beautiful life isnt it?
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The last time I saw john before he disappeared was two days prior. We got some breakfast, drove around and smoked weed. To be honest that day wasn’t too different than any of the other times we hung out. He commented on my excited behavior, and asked what was up. I could barely suppress the keen, knowing glint in my eye. I just shrugged it off and told him I’ve been feeling really good lately. Like a changed man. I hadn’t thought of the vacation excuse yet, and even if I did I wouldn’t have told it to him. We tell each other basically everything with almost no exceptions, he would definitely think its suspicious that I planned a trip without telling him.
He kept looking at me with slightly concerned eyes, and it just made me beam even harder. I couldn’t control it, I was overflowing with excitement and anticipation. I could tell he was a bit weirded out cause we ended up cutting our day short and going our separate ways for the evening, which was fine with me, I wasn’t sure how much longer I’d be able to keep the tiny bit of a poker face I still had up.
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After walking through the door, me and the three looming dark figures were walking through a much larger room in the warehouse. There were what looked to be large dog cages with shadowy unseen contents stacked up on top of each other arranged in long aisles. The room reeked of a long used and poorly cleaned animal barn. I was, being one if their top contributors at the time, very well trusted by them. At least in a business sense. They were showing me the livestock they had available.
They were telling me that they were willing to add on another Feed or two for 40% off. The viewers would have loved to see someone new handling the livestock. I said I would let them know when we were done with the one I paid for. They did have some really good ones in stock right now too. There was this young girl, couldn’t be older than 18 or 19, red hair, pale skin, skinny. Her small-medium sized tits were dirty brown, and the smell of her was horrific. She must have been a fairly new acquisition because she still had fire in her eyes and fight left in her. The rest didn’t, and were a lot more docile. The hopelessness shining through their empty gazes as dark as night.
Amidst her screams of “LET ME THE FUCK OUT OF HERE!” and “WHO ARE YOU? WHAT DID I DO??” the others just sat silently. The sound of her terrified and furious voice started to make my dick chub up. I looked around at the rest of what this toy store of forbidden delights had to offer. Cold, dead, and zoned out eyes trained on their food dishes like starving dogs in a neglectful house, as far as the eye could see. I turned to one of my companions on this walk around the supermarket of delicious delicacies and said “I'm ready”.
Me and one of the handlers walked towards a different door, one I hadn’t even noticed through the excitement of seeing all of the wonders this place contained. This door led to what looked like a garage, filled with all kinds of tools and blood stained pain implements. There were vice grips, clamps, chains, barbed wire, bolt cutters, sledgehammers, all kinds of knives and swords, even a weed wacker and so, so much more. The possibilities were as endless as my lust. It was so beautiful it brought a tear to my eye. The first my eyes had felt in a long, long time. I picked out my favorites, and asked the handler in a voice probably more akin to a kid asking his dad how many toys he can bring to his friends house than a man about to torture and kill his first person. “can I come back and choose new stuff if I get bored of these?” the man nodded.
I couldn’t see his smirk but I could certainly feel it, I felt a bit awkward about that not gonna lie. I told myself to act a little more scary and mean while I was in the Feeding room.
As we were heading to the next room, he stopped me dead in my tracks with a big beefy hand on my shoulder. He had a modulator in his other hand and strapped it around my neck like a father tying his sons tie for his first school dance (or at least that’s how it felt to me) and waves me to walk through the door. And there I was, after all these years spent wishing I could be here in person, after all of this time waiting and planning, and reveling in the thought of the glory ahead, finally I was here. The Feeding room.
Walking through the spacious dark room towards the metal table with a man strapped to it, I was now filled with a kind of focused aggression. The ominous sound of the buzzing flourescent light that I had heard in the beginning of so many Feeds flipped a switch in my mind. Everything seemed to be moving in slow motion, my heart was pounding, adrenaline pumping, not even a trace of second thought. I was all in on this, and loving every sweet, sweet second of it.
The man that was strapped to the table was just starting to come to, the chloroform they have probably been keeping him under with clearly wearing off. The metal table was angled up, so the man was almost standing straight up, and we were coming in from behind it. You could hear him starting to struggle a little bit as he realized he was strapped to a metal table, naked and alone. It wouldn’t be long now until he truly grasped his fate. Coming up to the table now, I turned to face him, the man that walked me in still pushing the cart with the tools I chose for this task. I could now see the man of the hour, ( hopefully more like several hours) the one everyone had been asking me about for the past week. Jesus did he look skinnier than I’d ever seen him, apparently the don’t feed their guests here too well. John was standing there, completely naked strapped to the table, fear embedded in his eyes.
The only thing I could think to say was “I always knew you had a small dick”. “who the fuck are you, you piece of shit?” he stammered. I just stood there silently, and could now feel my pulse in my throat and head, euphoria coursing through my veins. “All in due time.” I said to him through the modulator. Turning to the handler I had watched in so many videos over the past several years I said “are we ready to start? Cameras off and everything?”. He gave one silent nod. I smiled under my mask, and reached over to the table that was just out of johns site, the handler lowering the table. My hand came back into johns view holding a pickaxe, and he really started struggling now. “woah what the fuck? Dude stop” I chuckled as I stabbed it through the bottom of his foot. He screamed “please what the fuck I don’t know what I did but I’m sorry! Please PLEEASE can we just talk about this?”. He pissed himself, and by himself I mean all over the table, almost getting it all over me. “well that wasn’t very nice of you,” I said “lets see if we can make sure that wont happen again.”
Walking all the way around the table, nice and slow, strutting, almost dancing, plucking the pick axe that was still stuck into his foot with my finger with every step. His head followed my every movement, occasionally letting out a whimper or a scream as I plucked away at the axe. I pulled a knife off the table, as well as a small propane blow torch. “woah dude wait what the fuck man? Please dude please fucking stop please I don’t even know what I did” the last word more of a sob than a plead. he sounded like a little kid being put in the corner when he wanted to be playing with his friends. It was a tone I had never heard out of him before.
I gently place the knife at the base of his dick, and grabbed the rest of it. He was really squirming and screaming now. With a slow intensity, I sliced off his penis, millimeter by millimeter, and he let out some of the most sexually gratifying screams I had ever heard in my life. I laughed, put his penis down on the table next to him and picked up the torch. He was crying a weak, broken, and desperate cry now. As I turned on the gas and lit the flame I said “well we can’t have you bleeding out just yet, now can we?”. As i cauterized his nub he screamed louder and louder, I was getting sick of his melodrama. Everyone screamed, yeah, but usually they had given up hope by this point. I had to figure something out to stop that.
I walked over to the table and looked around, eventually finding something that might do the trick. It was a handle for a tapping drill, the bits used to thread holes so you can tighten screws into them. I grabbed that and some adjustable straps, and walked back over to his now amputated dick. Picking up the flaccid and pale penis I put it in between the jaws of the tap handle and tighten the jaws down on it. He let out a desperate whine as he watched, and looked the other way, seeming more and more defeated by the second. Once the jaws were sufficiently tightened around it, I looped one end of the strap around the handle of the tool, walked over to him, forced the dick in his mouth as well as the squared center of tap handle itself, stretching his jaw wider that it had probably ever been stretched. I secured the other end of the strap and began tightening it. His eyes went cold, still weakly sobbing. He finally truly grasped the depravity he was about to suffer.
A few hours went by like this, and my friend was barely recognizable anymore. Skin and muscle hanging off broken bones, mangled and amputated body parts like fingers and toes and a foot laying on the table and the floor, discarded like the snack wrappers john had strewn all over his room. He was going to bleed out soon and all three of us knew it. So I raised the table back up into a standing position, grabbing the knife I had used earlier to remove his genitals while I did it. You could tell he would have been too weak to hold himself up, but the strap that had been secured to his forehead had made sure his head stayed in place.
After removing the makeshift ball gag, I slowly lifted my mask from my face, took of the modulator, and dropped them both on the floor. I could tell he thought he was hallucinating. “hello john,” I said with my normal voice “nice to see you again.” He began to cry. “w…. Why?” He cried weakly. I just smiled, raising the knife to his strapped down head. As I began to cut off his face, he got quiet. Clearly too confused and betrayed by this situation to care what happened to him at this point.
Once it was fully removed from his skull, I move over to the table, and grabbed the final tool. The tool that would take his life. I walked back in front of this weakened, dying friend of mine holding the tool, wearing his face over mine like a mask, he was making eye contact, not that he had much choice due to his lack of eye lids. "goodbye john" I said with a smile. I raised the Kukri up, and swung it horizontally at his neck. Within two full chops and a final slice, his head was removed, and his life was over.
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The reason I told you this story is simple. I have gotten bored of watching, and at this point even participating in these Feeds. The thrills of the Feed alone aren’t even enough to make me cum weakly anymore. So I figured telling all of the fine people of reddit about my exploits could help that goal along. With the knowledge that people know exactly what I, and people like me are doing, regardless of whether or not you know me, and knowing you can do nothing to stop it, I will find the purest ecstacy.
Whether or not you believe in my story or about my existence, just know that there are thousands upon thousands of people just like me. We are everywhere. We are ghosts. If you don’t know one of us directly chances are you know someone that does. We could be your neighbor, a new acquaintance, a police officer in your town, your mayor, your best friend of 20 years, your brother, your father, or your sister. And by the time you realize you’ve chosen the wrong associations, before you even come close to getting a whiff of our stench of reality and death, the Feed will have already begun.
“I'm the fall of man
Giving birth to sin
Your god knew my disguise
And still allowed me in
I am a slave to pain
Without a chance of peace or love
But I'd rather reign below
than be a servant up above”
– Reckless “Judas Iscariot”
submitted by Gh0st_666dot to nosleep [link] [comments]

Alternative, DAO ANDROID APP STORE, DApps, on ETH blockchain, STO + DEX Exchange

Alternative, DAO ANDROID APP STORE, DApps, on ETH blockchain, STO + DEX Exchange

https://preview.redd.it/ql4cxspalv831.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=6887e75c9e10ceb8b1c2596c0256410d9f8bb5d1
DAO PlayMarket 2.0 - is the alternative, decentralized marketplace of Android applications and games, DApps applications, on the Ethereum blockchain (ETH), with the STO platform, for monetization of applications and a decentralized exchange.
HONESTY. TRANSPARENCY. ACCESSIBILITY.
Individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. So we created the smooth, stable lock store Android apps and the DApp store using the Ethereum blockchain and smart contracts for fast-growing, huge market of mobile applications for Android. Behind more than 2 and a half years of active development and improvements that continue to bring even more new features. You, as a developer, nothing to lose, can only benefit from publishing their developments on the platform and attract new users.
Now we are preparing to implement our international marketing plan, familiarity with the platform a large number of users, developers, and investors in dividend tokens of projects with the STO (Security Token Offering) platform and in the PMT token. Placing your application on DAO Playmarket 2.0 will be useful, especially if you have users from those countries and regions where the use of the built-in Google Play Market or some of your application is prohibited there, because of failures or non-compliance with politic. Like many crypto applications, or competing directories.
DAO PlayMarket 2.0 is the only decentralized Android app store that accepts payment in ETH cryptocurrency and a marketplace platform for Dapp applications on the Ethereum blockchain, in combination with the developer platform STO and DEX Crypto Exchange. The main goals and objectives of DAO PlayMarket 2.0 are the creation of a stable economic model for developers, investors and users, as well as the introduction of a single standard for the tokenization of the mobile application market. Automatic operation of the entire platform on more than 52 internal smart contracts and open source. Advantages of DAO PlayMarket 2.0 over other platforms:
BENEFITS FOR THE USER
On the platform of DAO Playmarket 2.0, via the web site and Android application, the user can:
  • Invest through STO, in the development of the application you like and receive dividend income in ETH, from it, buy and sell on the DEX exchange.
  • Receive additional benefits, for example, in the form of application tokens for purchasing it, or for performing actions within the application. Payments to users in Ethereum, for installing applications from developers, participants of STO. Soon the first payment for the installation, after the STO game CryptoDuel.
  • Get secure and uninterrupted access to a decentralized, censorship-resistant platform, both at the country level and at the level of specific mobile app stores.
  • Built-in mobile application and platform, DApps browser, based on MetaMask wallet, with a DApp application directory.
  • A decentralized cryptocurrency exchange is integrated into the DAO PlayMarket 2.0 platform, which includes an open API.
  • Public and open source all the internal smart contracts, and documentation of the whole platform on GitHub.
  • Pay for purchases for cryptocurrency. All paid applications and in-app purchases are paid through the ETH cryptocurrency.
  • Holding 2000 PMT tokens, the user can vote for the further development of the entire project.
  • Holders PMT received dividends from STO and listings in the form of other tokens from any number of tokens PMT, a one-time.
Thus, the user gets a chance to be not just consumers, but also to participate actively in the work of the platform, contribute to, and benefit from financial benefits, to participate in the vote on the development platform.
BENEFITS FOR ANDROID APPLICATION DEVELOPERS
  • The ability to produce a token of your Android application and distribute them among the current shareholders and to implement them on integrated platform STO (Security Token Offering - the location of the investment (security) tokens. Release tokens into the possession of investors, with the aim to dividends or voting rights. STO requires a license, approved by the SEC and other regulatory bodies).
  • DAO PlayMarket 2.0 will provide developers with simple and effective tools to promote your application, including a handy feedback between developers and users.
  • DApp mobile browser, with a directory of affiliate applications to attract users into Your infrastructure. Soon to be a full-fledged office developer DApp. Now can be added only with our help.
  • The platform is resistant to censorship — basic information is stored on the blockchain, which allows access to applications from anywhere in the World.
  • Commission platform is 1% (for others stores about 30%). This commission is taken as a node of the platform, as a reward for financial operations, support of the node and storing all files.
  • Payment to the developer of income from sales of his application and content within it for a strictly fixed period according to the concluded smart contract, as well as payments to all holders of a developer's token, a specific application.
  • The source code of all PlayMarket 2.0 internal smart contracts, the DAO PlayMarket 2.0 mobile app and the playmarket.io web site are available on GitHub. All platform documentation is open.
  • The ability to sell their applications and make domestic sales for cryptocurrency.
  • You Will also be available to all users of the platform, and other applications, from all countries of the planet Earth.
  • Push notification is implemented using pubsub system IPFS in order to meet decentralization.
  • Referral system for all application developers, soon.
  • The complete absence of bureaucracy.
To add your Android version of an application or game, you need to register via MetaMask the browser extension or file keys from the Ethereum wallet in the DAO PlayMarket 2.0 blockchain, as a developer - https://dev.playmarket.io/auth/ . Add an application, description, contacts, categories (now there are 2 subject categories with crypto applications https://playmarket.io/category/1/1 and https://playmarket.io/category/1/34, among others), etc. information. Then, if necessary, update the version of your app, add any other development for free (the cost of gas for the transaction in the Ethereum network). Now You can sell your app for the cryptocurrency, or we help to start STO - monetization of Your apps, games, generating income (through the addition, by contact with our specialist in Telegrams https://t.me/totalGreX ) and automatically add your new token ERC-20, domestic decentralized exchange DAO Playmarket 2.0. If you are going to put a link to download the app from PlayMarket DAO 2.0, alternatively, next to the link to download from Google Play Market, use the icon from here https://github.com/CryptonStudio/PlayMarket-2.0-App the verification Process of the developer - transfer code to confirm the authorship, implemented through ipfs/pubsub and mailing address with the Google Play store if the app is there.
ADVANTAGES FOR DAPP APPLICATION DEVELOPERS ON THE ETHEREUM BLOCKCHAIN
Dapps for high-quality applications, we offer a reciprocal link exchange on Your Dapp from our directory, shopping sites https://dapps.playmarket.io in exchange for a link from a page with your instructions on how to access Your DApp, using a variety of wallets, Android app to Playmarket 2.0 - https://playmarket.io/detail/0 in the directory which will be your DApp. It is a browser Dapp based on MetaMask and a public account developers Dapp will also appear in the near future, as other improvements in this section. Now add to the catalog Dapp, occurs only with our help. If You already have your token, then its possible listing on the stock exchange DAO market, 5% of the total number of tokens, as in STO, which will go to dividends to all holders of the PMT token.
After placement, You will have access to all current and future users of the international multi-platform Game DAO 2.0, which potentially may be interested in and Your multilingual application Dapp.
Help at any stage of cooperation, consider various options, please contact us.
ADVANTAGES FOR OWNERS OF NODES
For stable operation of the platform, it is necessary to have a certain number of nodes in the network (now there are 10 nodes, the nodes in different countries, a link to a map with nodes) which provide reception and transmission of transactions to the blockchain, application transmission and information about them, and storing all files. The owners of the nodes as a motivation receive a reward in the form of 1% of processed transactions. This and all Commission platform.
The more users the platform will have, the more need nodes. To add your node to the list of trusted, its owner must make a guarantee deposit, in the base currency of the platform - 10 ETH and 5000 PMT token, on a smart contract. A Deposit is required as collateral and guarantees fairness in the node, while its size is computed dynamically based on the pass-through payment transactions. Details in the English language the white paper.
BENEFITS FOR INVESTORS
Investors who participated in the DAO PlayMarket 2.0 crowdsale who bought PMT tokens in 2017 now receive dividend income from PMF (PlayMarket Foundation). This fund is replenished by a 5 percent commission, with the release of application tokens on STO. The DEX exchange is already built into the platform, on which CDLT tokens of the first STO from CryptoDuel can already be exchanged for TUSD or ETH, as well as the PMT token. Exchange decentralized, and therefore more resistant to possible hacker attacks and disruptions in work.
The Ticker token DAO PlayMarket 2.0 - PMT. Standard tokens - ERC20 (the Ethereum blockchain). The total delivery volume of 3 000 000 PMT tokens (750 000 PMT frozen in development team for 2 years). In 2017, 2 250 000 PMT tokens were sold through ICO, and distributed to investors.
PMT holders automatically become members of the PMF Fund - PlayMarket Fund (wallet address fund). The main goal of the fund is to openly manage the resources of the Fund together with other members of DAO PlayMarket 2.0, to receive dividends. Application developers at DAO PlayMarket 2.0 can issue independent tokens for their applications. The PlayMarket Foundation saves 5% of tokens from each application hosted on the DAO PlayMarket 2.0 platform, as well as 5% from the listing of tokens of Dapp applications and Android applications, on the market exchange, for paying dividends to PMT token holders, based on their share.
All holders of tokens PMT that hold more than 2000 PMT token, have the right to vote in DAO PlayMarket.io 2.0, in all directions of further project development - all in the hands of users. Holders PMT received dividends from STO and listings in the form of other tokens from any number of tokens PMT, a one-time. In the future, receive dividends at the ETH, received the dividend from STO tokens (in total, depending on the specific turnover of the application), by type, as dividends from shares of large companies, only then with specific games and applications.
Wish everyone a good day, developers, future users, investors and partners! Thank you for any feedback and Your opinion about the new platform, made with love, for a just future, all participants of the market of Android games, apps and DApps, on the Ethereum blockchain.
Requires Android: 5.0 x and aboveEnglish interface: Yes
Download:Version: 1.4.24. Download APK file from the official website of the platform.
Developer: https://crypton.studioYouTube Video: https://youtu.be/QYjyfCt6gWc
Screenshots of the internal functions of the platform:
https://preview.redd.it/9c1b6bvmlv831.jpg?width=606&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=037c89227be84a698ed82e97d9c28975afbdccc8
https://preview.redd.it/9frsievmlv831.jpg?width=606&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=2dc970a2f15722d378c40577f537d7c3dee24f09
https://preview.redd.it/rhaftevmlv831.jpg?width=606&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=69a2215a217b99e1d2bd55f203d8f551a90679a9
https://preview.redd.it/mgr2jevmlv831.jpg?width=606&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=a1d6df295f1885ddcbcb27156621ec0eb04ee5bf
https://preview.redd.it/g25z7hvmlv831.jpg?width=606&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=0bbfb329b5771185128432b41a84844204397f5f
https://preview.redd.it/8ic9rfvmlv831.jpg?width=606&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=80e824307433bf81de048fc7312a9d819428d7f0
https://preview.redd.it/aiek5evmlv831.jpg?width=606&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=8607ba009de04bb91170246b0579a24a870f2464
https://preview.redd.it/8x7i9fvmlv831.jpg?width=606&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=5fd8489907b51c106ad8759807109ab19e9b599e

Changes: update the app to version 1.4.21 - 1.4.24What's new:
  1. Added DApps Browser with support MetaMask- you can Now open any website with support MetaMask, and work with built-in wallet app.- By default the website opens https://dapps.playmarket.io
  2. The IPFS module updated to stable version 0.4.19 (you can update in settings).
  3. Changed the order of the updates and display the data on the pages of the wallet and dividends.
  4. In My application now displays the version name of the application and size, not just a code version of the application.
A decentralized exchange:https://dex.playmarket.io/
  1. Dobalina trading pair to TUSD.
  2. Implemented data updates through a WebSocket connection.
  3. Added chat (anonymous).
Platform:
  1. The IPFS module on all nodes updated to the stable version 0.4.19.
  2. Transfer code to confirm the authorship is implemented through ipfs/pubsub.
  3. Website developer fixed bugs, made improvements on the interface.
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Read more about the platform and the last in 2017 ICO: https://ico.playmarket.ioWebsite DAO PlayMarket 2.0 App Store: https://playmarket.ioDownload Android app DAO Game 2.0: https://playmarket.io/detail/0Developers add your app: https://dev.playmarket.ioPlatform for ICO/STO: https://playmarket.io/stoManaging nodes nodes: https://nodes.playmarket.ioGroup Telegram: https://t.me/playmarket_2Page in FB: https://www.facebook.com/playmarket2.0/Page on Twitter: https://twitter.com/en_playmarket2Youtube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCErfyOgXb_3UQh9i7LZAYwA/featuredBitcoinTalk: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=2311696Medium: https://medium.com/@playmarket2.0White paper EN: https://ico.playmarket.io/images/docs/wp_playmarket_ru.pdfWhite paper en: https://ico.playmarket.io/images/docs/wp_playmarket_en.pdfThe #Developers of #DAO #PlayMarket 2.0: https://crypton.studioGitHub: https://github.com/CryptonStudioToken Tracker: https://etherscan.io/token/0xc1322d8ae3b0e2e437e0ae36388d0cfd2c02f1c9Buy token PMT: https://yobit.net/en/trade/PMT/USD , https://yobit.net/en/trade/PMT/BTC , https://dappdex.io/PMT/ETH and https://dex.playmarket.io/PMT/ETH
We look forward to seeing Your work on a decentralized platform, join the future!
submitted by DAO_PlayMarket_2_0 to u/DAO_PlayMarket_2_0 [link] [comments]

World History Timeline of Events Leading up to Bitcoin - In the Making

A (live/editable) timeline of historical events directly or indirectly related to the creation of Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies
*still workin' on this so check back later and more will be added, if you have any suggested dates/events feel free to lemme know...
This timeline includes dates pertaining to:
Ancient Bartering – first recorded in Egypt (resources, services...) – doesn’t scale
Tally sticks were used, making notches in bones or wood, as a form of money of account
9000-6000 BC Livestock considered the first form of currency
c3200 BC Clay tablets used in Uruk (Iraq) for accounting (believed to be the earliest form of writing)
3000 BC Grain is used as a currency, measured out in Shekels
3000 BC Banking developed in Mesopotamia
3000 BC? Punches used to stamp symbols on coins were a precursor to the printing press and modern coins
? BC Since ancient Persia and all the way up until the invention and expansion of the telegraph Homing Pigeons were used to carry messages
2000 BC Merchants in Assyria, India and Sumeria lent grain to farmers and traders as a precursor to banks
1700 BC In Babylon at the time of Hammurabi, in the 18th century BC, there are records of loans made by the priests of the temple.
1200 BC Shell money first used in China
1000-600 BC Crude metal coins first appear in China
640 BC Precious metal coins – Gold & Silver first used in ancient Lydia and coastal Greek cities featuring face to face heads of a bull and a lion – first official minted currency made from electrum, a mixture of gold and silver
600-500 BC Atbash Cipher
A substitution Cipher used by ancient Hebrew scholars mapping the alphabet in reverse, for example, in English an A would be a Z, B a Y etc.
400 BC Skytale used by Sparta
474 BC Hundreds of gold coins from this era were discovered in Rome in 2018
350 BC Greek hydraulic semaphore system, an optical communication system developed by Aeneas Tacticus.
c200 BC Polybius Square
??? Wealthy stored coins in temples, where priests also lent them out
??? Rome was the first to create banking institutions apart from temples
118 BC First banknote in the form of 1 foot sq pieces of white deerskin
100-1 AD Caesar Cipher
193 Aureus, a gold coin of ancient Rome, minted by Septimius Severus
324 Solidus, pure gold coin, minted under Constantine’s rule, lasted until the late 8th century
600s Paper currency first developed in Tang Dynasty China during the 7th century, although true paper money did not appear until the 11th century, during the Song Dynasty, 960–1279
c757–796 Silver pennies based on the Roman denarius became the staple coin of Mercia in Great Britain around the time of King Offa
806 First paper banknotes used in China but isn’t widely accepted in China until 960
1024 The first series of standard government notes were issued in 1024 with denominations like 1 guàn (貫, or 700 wén), 1 mín (緡, or 1000 wén), up to 10 guàn. In 1039 only banknotes of 5 guàn and 10 guàn were issued, and in 1068 a denomination of 1 guàn was introduced which became forty percent of all circulating Jiaozi banknotes.
1040 The first movable type printer was invented in China and made of porcelain
? Some of the earliest forms of long distance communication were drums used by Native Africans and smoke signals used by Native Americans and Chinese
1088 Movable type in Song Dynasty China
1120 By the 1120s the central government officially stepped in and produced their own state-issued paper money (using woodblock printing)
1150 The Knights Templar issued bank notes to pilgrims. Pilgrims deposited their valuables with a local Templar preceptory before embarking, received a document indicating the value of their deposit, then used that document upon arrival in the Holy Land to retrieve their funds in an amount of treasure of equal value.
1200s-1300s During the 13th century bankers from north Italy, collectively known as Lombards, gradually replace the Jews in their traditional role as money-lenders to the rich and powerful. – Florence, Venice and Genoa - The Bardi and Peruzzi Families dominated banking in 14th century Florence, establishing branches in many other parts of Europe
1200 By the time Marco Polo visited China they’d move from coins to paper money, who introduced the concept to Europe. An inscription warned, "All counterfeiters will be decapitated." Before the use of paper, the Chinese used coins that were circular, with a rectangular hole in the middle. Several coins could be strung together on a rope. Merchants in China, if they became rich enough, found that their strings of coins were too heavy to carry around easily. To solve this problem, coins were often left with a trustworthy person, and the merchant was given a slip of paper recording how much money they had with that person. Marco Polo's account of paper money during the Yuan Dynasty is the subject of a chapter of his book, The Travels of Marco Polo, titled "How the Great Kaan Causeth the Bark of Trees, Made Into Something Like Paper, to Pass for Money All Over his Country."
1252 Florin minted in Florence, becomes the hard currency of its day helping Florence thrive economically
1340 Double-entry bookkeeping - The clerk keeping the accounts for the Genoese firm of Massari painstakingly fills in the ledger for the year 1340.
1397 Medici Bank established
1450 Johannes Gutenberg builds the printing press – printed words no longer just for the rich
1455 Paper money disappears from China
1466 Polyalphabetic Cipher
1466 Rotating cipher disks – Vatican – greatest crypto invention in 1000 yrs – the first system to challenge frequency analysis
1466 First known mechanical cipher machine
1472 The oldest bank still in existence founded, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, headquartered in Siena, Italy
1494 Double-entry bookkeeping system codified by Luca Pacioli
1535 Wampum, a form of currency used by Native Americans, a string of beads made from clamshells, is first document.
1553 Vigenere Cipher
1557 Phillip II of Spain managed to burden his kingdom with so much debt (as the result of several pointless wars) that he caused the world's first national bankruptcy — as well as the world's second, third and fourth, in rapid succession.
1577 Newspaper in Korea
1586 The Babington Plot
1590 Cabinet Noir was established in France. Its mission was to open, read and reseal letters, and great expertise was developed in the restoration of broken seals. In the knowledge that mail was being opened, correspondents began to develop systems to encrypt and decrypt their letters. The breaking of these codes gave birth to modern systematic scientific code breaking.
1600s Promissory banknotes began in London
1600s By the early 17th century banking begins also to exist in its modern sense - as a commercial service for customers rather than kings. – Late 17th century we see cheques slowly gains acceptance
The total of the money left on deposit by a bank's customers is a large sum, only a fraction of which is usually required for withdrawals. A proportion of the rest can be lent out at interest, bringing profit to the bank. When the customers later come to realize this hidden value of their unused funds, the bank's profit becomes the difference between the rates of interest paid to depositors and demanded from debtors.
The transformation from moneylenders into private banks is a gradual one during the 17th and 18th centuries. In England it is achieved by various families of goldsmiths who early in the period accept money on deposit purely for safe-keeping. Then they begin to lend some of it out. Finally, by the 18th century, they make banking their business in place of their original craft as goldsmiths.
1605 Newspaper in Straussburg
c1627 Great Cipher
1637 Wampum is declared as legal tender in the U.S. (where we got the slang word “clams” for money)
1656 Johan Palmstruch establishes the Stockholm Banco
1661 Paper Currency reappears in Europe, soon became common - The goldsmith-bankers of London began to give out the receipts as payable to the bearer of the document rather than the original depositor
1661 Palmstruch issues credit notes which can be exchanged, on presentation to his bank, for a stated number of silver coins
1666 Stockholms Banco, the predecessor to the Central Bank of Sweden issues the first paper money in Europe. Soon went bankrupt for printing too much money.
1667 He issues more notes than his bank can afford to redeem with silver and winds up in disgrace, facing a death penalty (commuted to imprisonment) for fraud.
1668 Bank of Sweden – today the 2nd oldest surviving bank
1694 First Central Bank established in the UK was the first bank to initiate the permanent issue of banknotes
Served as model for most modern central banks.
The modern banknote rests on the assumption that money is determined by a social and legal consensus. A gold coin's value is simply a reflection of the supply and demand mechanism of a society exchanging goods in a free market, as opposed to stemming from any intrinsic property of the metal. By the late 17th century, this new conceptual outlook helped to stimulate the issue of banknotes.
1700s Throughout the commercially energetic 18th century there are frequent further experiments with bank notes - deriving from a recognized need to expand the currency supply beyond the availability of precious metals.
1710 Physiocracy
1712 First commercial steam engine
1717 Master of the Royal Mint Sir Isaac Newton established a new mint ratio between silver and gold that had the effect of driving silver out of circulation (bimetalism) and putting Britain on a gold standard.
1735 Classical Economics – markets regulate themselves when free of intervention
1744 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Founder of the Rothschild Banking Empire, is Born in Frankfurt, Germany
Mayer Amschel Rothschild extended his banking empire across Europe by carefully placing his five sons in key positions. They set up banks in Frankfurt, Vienna, London, Naples, and Paris. By the mid 1800’s they dominated the banking industry, lending to governments around the world and people such as the Vanderbilts, Carnegies, and Cecil Rhodes.
1745 There was a gradual move toward the issuance of fixed denomination notes in England standardized printed notes ranging from £20 to £1,000 were being printed.
1748 First recorded use of the word buck for a dollar, stemming from the Colonial period in America when buck skins were commonly traded
1757 Colonial Scrip Issued in US
1760s Mayer Amschel Rothschild establishes his banking business
1769 First steam powered car
1775-1938 US Diplomatic Codes & Ciphers by Ralph E Weber used – problems were security and distribution
1776 American Independence
1776 Adam Smith’s Invisible Hand theory helped bankers and money-lenders limit government interference in the banking sector
1781 The Bank of North America was a private bank first adopted created the US Nation's first de facto central bank. When shares in the bank were sold to the public, the Bank of North America became the country's first initial public offering. It lasted less than ten years.
1783 First steamboat
1791 Congress Creates the First US Bank – A Private Company, Partly Owned by Foreigners – to Handle the Financial Needs of the New Central Government. First Bank of the United States, a National bank, chartered for a term of twenty years, it was not renewed in 1811.
Previously, the 13 states had their own banks, currencies and financial institutions, which had an average lifespan of about 5 years.
1792 First optical telegraph invented where towers with telescopes were dispersed across France 12-25 km apart, relaying signals according to positions of arms extended from the top of the towers.
1795 Thomas Jefferson invents the Jefferson Disk Cipher or Wheel Cipher
1797 to 1821 Restriction Period by England of trading banknotes for silver during Napoleonic Wars
1797 Currency Crisis
Although the Bank was originally a private institution, by the end of the 18th century it was increasingly being regarded as a public authority with civic responsibility toward the upkeep of a healthy financial system.
1799 First paper machine
1800 Banque de France – France’s central bank opens to try to improve financing of the war
1800 Invention of the battery
1801 Rotchschild Dynasty begins in Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire – established international banking family through his 5 sons who established themselves in London, Paris, Frankfurt, Vienna, and Naples
1804 Steam locomotive
1807 Internal combustion engine and automobile
1807 Robert Fulton expands water transportation and trade with the workable steamboat.
1809 Telegraphy
1811 First powered printing press, also first to use a cylinder
1816 The Privately Owned Second Bank of the US was Chartered – It Served as the Main Depository for Government Revenue, Making it a Highly Profitable Bank – charter not renewed in 1836
1816 The first working telegraph was built using static electricity
1816 Gold becomes the official standard of value in England
1820 Industrial Revolution
c1820 Neoclassical Economics
1821 British gov introduces the gold standard - With governments issuing the bank notes, the inherent danger is no longer bankruptcy but inflation.
1822 Charles Babbage, considered the "father of the computer", begins building the first programmable mechanical computer.
1832 Andrew Jackson Campaigns Against the 2nd Bank of the US and Vetoes Bank Charter Renewal
Andrew Jackson was skeptical of the central banking system and believed it gave too few men too much power and caused inflation. He was also a proponent of gold and silver and an outspoken opponent of the 2nd National Bank. The Charter expired in 1836.
1833 President Jackson Issues Executive Order to Stop Depositing Government Funds Into Bank of US
By September 1833, government funds were being deposited into state chartered banks.
1833-1837 Manufactured “boom” created by central bankers – money supply Increases 84%, Spurred by the 2nd Bank of the US
The total money supply rose from $150 million to $267 million
1835 Jackson Escapes Assassination. Assassin misfired twice.
1837-1862 The “Free Banking Era” there was no formal central bank in the US, and banks issued their own notes again
1838 First Telegram sent using Morse Code across 3 km, in 1844 he sent a message across 71 km from Washington DC to Baltimore.
1843 Ada Lovelace published the first algorithm for computing
1844 Modern central bank of England established - meaning only the central bank of England could issue banknotes – prior to that commercial banks could issue their own and were the primary form of currency throughout England
the Bank of England was restricted to issue new banknotes only if they were 100% backed by gold or up to £14 million in government debt.
1848 Communist Manifesto
1850 The first undersea telegraphic communications cable connected France in England after latex produced from the sap of the Palaquium gutta tree in 1845 was proposed as insulation for the underwater cables.
1852 Many countries in Europe build telegram networks, however post remained the primary means of communication to distant countries.
1855 In England fully printed notes that did not require the name of the payee and the cashier's signature first appeared
1855 The printing telegraph made it possible for a machine with 26 alphabetic keys to print the messages automatically and was soon adopted worldwide.
1856 Belgian engineer Charles Bourseul proposed telephony
1856 The Atlantic Telegraph company was formed in London to stretch a commercial telegraph cable across the Atlantic Ocean, completed in 1866.
1860 The Pony Express was founded, able to deliver mail of wealthy individuals or government officials from coast to coast in 10 days.
1861 The East coast was connected to the West when Western Union completed the transcontinental telegraph line, putting an end to unprofitable The Pony Express.
1862-1863 First US banknotes - Lincoln Over Rules Debt-Based Money and Issues Greenbacks to Fund Civil War
Bankers would only lend the government money under certain conditions and at high interest rates, so Lincoln issued his own currency – “greenbacks” – through the US Treasury, and made them legal tender. His soldiers went on to win the war, followed by great economic expansion.
1863 to 1932 “National Banking Era” Commercial banks in the United States had legally issued banknotes before there was a national currency; however, these became subject to government authorization from 1863 to 1932
1864 Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen founded the first rural credit union in Heddesdorf (now part of Neuwied) in Germany. By the time of Raiffeisen's death in 1888, credit unions had spread to Italy, France, the Netherlands, England, Austria, and other nations
1870 Long-distance telegraph lines connected Britain and India.
c1871 Marginalism - The doctrines of marginalism and the Marginal Revolution are often interpreted as a response to the rise of the worker's movement, Marxian economics and the earlier (Ricardian) socialist theories of the exploitation of labour.
1871 Carl Menger’s Principles of Economics – Austrian School
1872 Marx’s Das Capital
1872 Australia becomes the first nation to be connected to the rest of the world via submarine telegraph cables.
1876 Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone, first called the electric speech machine – revolutionized communication
1877 Thomas Edison – Phonograph
1878 Western Union, the leading telegraph provider of the U.S., begins to lose out to the telephone technology of the National Bell Telephone Company.
1881 President James Garfield, Staunch Proponent of “Honest Money” Backed by Gold and Silver, was Assassinated
Garfield opposed fiat currency (money that was not backed by any physical object). He had the second shortest Presidency in history.
1882 First description of the one-time pad
1886 First gas powered car
1888 Ballpoint pen
1892 Cinematograph
1895 System of wireless communication using radio waves
1896 First successful intercontinental telegram
1898 Polyethylene
1899 Nickel-cadmium battery
1907 Banking Panic of 1907
The New York Stock Exchange dropped dramatically as everyone tried to get their money out of the banks at the same time across the nation. This banking panic spurred debate for banking reform. JP Morgan and others gathered to create an image of concern and stability in the face of the panic, which eventually led to the formation of the Federal Reserve. The founders of the Federal Reserve pretended like the bankers were opposed to the idea of its formation in order to mislead the public into believing that the Federal Reserve would help to regulate bankers when in fact it really gave even more power to private bankers, but in a less transparent way.
1908 St Mary’s Bank – first credit union in US
1908 JP Morgan Associate and Rockefeller Relative Nelson Aldrich Heads New National Monetary Commission
Senate Republican leader, Nelson Aldrich, heads the new National Monetary Commission that was created to study the cause of the banking panic. Aldrich had close ties with J.P. Morgan and his daughter married John D. Rockefeller.
1910 Bankers Meet Secretly on Jekyll Island to Draft Federal Reserve Banking Legislation
Over the course of a week, some of the nation’s most powerful bankers met secretly off the coast of Georgia, drafting a proposal for a private Central Banking system.
1913 Federal Reserve Act Passed
Two days before Christmas, while many members of Congress were away on vacation, the Federal Reserve Act was passed, creating the Central banking system we have today, originally with gold backed Federal Reserve Notes. It was based on the Aldrich plan drafted on Jekyll Island and gave private bankers supreme authority over the economy. They are now able to create money out of nothing (and loan it out at interest), make decisions without government approval, and control the amount of money in circulation.
1913 Income tax established -16th Amendment Ratified
Taxes ensured that citizens would cover the payment of debt due to the Central Bank, the Federal Reserve, which was also created in 1913.The 16th Amendment stated: “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.”
1914 November, Federal Reserve Banks Open
JP Morgan and Co. Profits from Financing both sides of War and Purchasing Weapons
J.P. Morgan and Co. made a deal with the Bank of England to give them a monopoly on underwriting war bonds for the UK and France. They also invested in the suppliers of war equipment to Britain and France.
1914 WWI
1917 Teletype cipher
1917 The one-time pad
1917 Zimmerman Telegram intercepted and decoded by Room 40, the cryptanalysis department of the British Military during WWI.
1918 GB returns to gold standard post-war but it didn’t work out
1919 First rotor machine, an electro-mechanical stream ciphering and decrypting machine.
1919 Founding of The Cipher Bureau, Poland’s intelligence and cryptography agency.
1919-1929 The Black Chamber, a forerunner of the NSA, was the first U.S. cryptanalytic organization. Worked with the telegraph company Western Union to illegally acquire foreign communications of foreign embassies and representatives. It was shut down in 1929 as funding was removed after it was deemed unethical to intercept private domestic radio signals.
1920s Department stores, hotel chains and service staions begin offering customers charge cards
1921-1929 The “Roaring 20’s” – The Federal Reserve Floods the Economy with Cash and Credit
From 1921 to 1929 the Federal Reserve increased the money supply by $28 billion, almost a 62% increase over an eight-year period.[3] This artificially created another “boom”.
1927 Quartz clock
1928 First experimental Television broadcast in the US.
1929 Federal Reserve Contracts the Money Supply
In 1929, the Federal Reserve began to pull money out of circulation as loans were paid back. They created a “bust” which was inevitable after issuing so much credit in the years before. The Federal Reserve’s actions triggered the banking crisis, which led to the Great Depression.
1929 October 24, “Black Thursday”, Stock Market Crash
The most devastating stock market crash in history. Billions of dollars in value were consolidated into the private banker’s hands at the expense of everyone else.
1930s The Great Depression marked the end of the gold standard
1931 German Enigma machines attained and reconstructed.
1932 Turbo jet engine patented
1933 SEC founded - passed the Glass–Steagall Act, which separated investment banking and commercial banking. This was to avoid more risky investment banking activities from ever again causing commercial bank failures.
1933 FM Radio
1933 Germany begins Telex, a network of teleprinters sending and receiving text based messages. Post WWII Telex networks began to spread around the world.
1936 Austrian engineer Paul Eisler invented Printed circuit board
1936 Beginning of the Keynesian Revolution
1937 Typex, British encryption machines which were upgraded versions of Enigma machines.
1906 Teletypewriters
1927 Founding of highly secret and unofficial Signal Intelligence Service, SIS, the U.S. Army’s codebreaking division.
1937 Made illegal for Americans to own gold
1938 Z1 built by Konrad Zuse is the first freely programmable computer in the world.
1939 WWII – decline of the gold standard which greatly restricted policy making
1939-45 Codetalkers - The Navajo code is the only spoken military code never to have been deciphered - "Were it not for the Navajos, the Marines would never have taken Iwo Jima."—Howard Connor
1940 Modems
1942 Deciphering Japanese coded messages leads to a turning point victory for the U.S. in WWII.
1943 At Bletchley Park, Alan Turing and team build a specialized cipher-breaking machine called Heath Robinson.
1943 Colossus computer built in London to crack the German Lorenz cipher.
1944 Bretton Woods – convenient after the US had most of the gold
1945 Manhattan Project – Atom Bomb
1945 Transatlantic telephone cable
1945 Claude E. Shannon published "A mathematical theory of cryptography", commonly accepted as the starting point for development of modern cryptography.
C1946 Crypto Wars begin and last to this day
1946 Charg-it card created by John C Biggins
1948 Atomic clock
1948 Claude Shannon writes a paper that establishes the mathematical basis of information theory
1949 Info theorist Claude Shannon asks “What does an ideal cipher look like?” – one time pad – what if the keys are not truly random
1950 First credit card released by the Diners Club, able to be used in 20 restaurants in NYC
1951 NSA, National Security Agency founded and creates the KL-7, an off-line rotor encryption machine
1952 First thermonuclear weapon
1953 First videotape recorder
1953 Term “Hash” first used meaning to “chop” or “make a mess” out of something
1954 Atomic Energy Act (no mention of crypto)
1957 The NSA begins producing ROMOLUS encryption machines, soon to be used by NATO
1957 First PC – IBM
1957 First Satellite – Sputnik 1
1958 Western Union begins building a nationwide Telex network in the U.S.
1960s Machine readable codes were added to the bottom of cheques in MICR format, which speeded up the clearing and sorting process
1960s Financial organizations were beginning to require strong commercial encryption on the rapidly growing field of wired money transfer.
1961 Electronic clock
1963 June 4, Kennedy Issued an Executive Order (11110) that Authorized the US Treasury to Issue Silver Certificates, Threatening the Federal Reserve’s Monopoly on Money
This government issued currency would bypass the governments need to borrow from bankers at interest.
1963 Electronic calculator
1963 Nov. 22, Kennedy Assassinated
1963 Johnson Reverses Kennedy’s Banking Rule and Restores Power to the Federal Reserve
1964 8-Track
1964 LAN, Local Area Networks adapters
1965 Moore’s Law by CEO of Intel Gordon Moore observes that the number of components per integrated circuit doubles every year, and projected this rate of growth would continue for at least another decade. In 1975 he revised it to every two years.
1967 First ATM installed at Barclay’s Bank in London
1968 Cassette Player introduced
1969 First connections of ARPANET, predecessor of the internet, are made. started – SF, SB, UCLA, Utah (now Darpa) – made to stay ahead of the Soviets – there were other networks being built around the world but it was very hard to connect them – CERN in Europe
1970s Stagflation – unemployment + inflation, which Keynesian theory could not explain
1970s Business/commercial applications for Crypto emerge – prior to this time it was militarily used – ATMs 1st got people thinking about commercial applications of cryptography – data being sent over telephone lines
1970s The public developments of the 1970s broke the near monopoly on high quality cryptography held by government organizations.
Use of checks increased in 70s – bringing about ACH
One way functions...
A few companies began selling access to private networks – but weren’t allowed to connect to the internet – business and universities using Arpanet had no commercial traffic – internet was used for research, not for commerce or advertising
1970 Railroads threatened by the growing popularity of air travel. Penn Central Railroad declares bankruptcy resulting in a $3.2 billion bailout
1970 Conjugate coding used in an attempt to design “money physically impossible to counterfeit”
1971 The US officially removes the gold standard
1971 Email invented
1971 Email
1971 First microcomputer on a chip
1971 Lockheed Bailout - $1.4 billion – Lockheed was a major government defense contractor
1972 First programmable word processor
1972 First video game console
1973 SWIFT established
1973 Ethernet invented, standardized in ‘83
1973 Mobile phone
1973 First commercial GUI – Xerox Alto
1973 First touchscreen
1973 Emails made up more than ¾ of ARPANET’s packets – people had to keep a map of the network by their desk – so DNS was created
1974 A protocol for packet network intercommunication – TCP/IP – Cerf and Kahn
1974 Franklin National Bank Bailout - $1.5 billion (valued at that time) - At the time, it was the largest bank failure in US history
1975 New York City Bailout - $9.4 billion – NYC was overextended
1975 W DES - meant that commercial uses of high quality encryption would become common, and serious problems of export control began to arise.
1975 DES, Data Encryption Standard developed at IBM, seeking to develop secure electronic communications for banks and large financial organizations. DES was the first publicly accessible cipher to be 'blessed' by a national agency such as the NSA. Its release stimulated an explosion of public and academic interest in cryptography.
1975 Digital camera
1975 Altair 8800 sparks the microprocessor revolution
1976 Bretton Woods ratified (lasted 30 years) – by 80’s all nations were using floating currencies
1976 New Directions in Cryptography published by Diffie & Hellman – this terrified Fort Meade – previously this technique was classified, now it’s public
1976 Apple I Computer – Steve Wozniak
1976 Asymmetric key cryptosystem published by Whitfield Diffie and Martin Hellman.
1976 Hellman and Diffie publish New Directions in Cryptography, introducing a radically new method of distributing cryptographic keys, contributing much to solving key distribution one of the fundamental problems of cryptography. It brought about the almost immediate public development of asymmetric key algorithms. - where people can have 2 sets of keys, public and private
1977 Diffie & Hellman receive letter from NSA employee JA Meyer that they’re violating Federal Laws comparable to arms export – this raises the question, “Can the gov prevent academics from publishing on crypto?
1977 DES considered insecure
1977 First handheld electronic game
1977 RSA public key encryption invented
1978 McEliece Cryptosystem invented, first asymmetric encryption algorithm to use randomization in the encryption process
1980s Large data centers began being built to store files and give users a better faster experience – companies rented space from them - Data centers would not only store data but scour it to show people what they might want to see and in some cases, sell data
1980s Reaganomics and Thatcherism
1980 A decade of intense bank failures begins; the FDIC reports that 1,600 were either closed or received financial assistance from 1980 to 1994
1980 Chrysler Bailout – lost over $1 billion due to major hubris on the part of its executives - $1.5 billion one of the largest payouts ever made to a single corporation.
1980 Protocols for public key cryptosystems – Ralph Merkle
1980 Flash memory invented – public in ‘84
1981 “Untraceable Electronic Mail, Return Addresses and Digital Pseudonumns” – Chaum
1981 EFTPOS, Electronic funds transfer at point of sale is created
1981 IBM Personal Computer
1982 “The Ethics of Liberty” Murray Rothbard
1982 Commodore 64
1982 CD
1983 Satellite TV
1983 First built in hard drive
1983 C++
1983 Stereolithography
1983 Blind signatures for untraceable payments
Mid 1980s Use of ATMs becomes more widespread
1984 Continental Illinois National Bank and Trust bailed out due to overly aggressive lending styles and - the bank’s downfall could be directly traced to risk taking and a lack of due diligence on the part of bank officers - $9.5 billion in 2008 money
1984 Macintosh Computer - the first mass-market personal computer that featured a graphical user interface, built-in screen and mouse
1984 CD Rom
1985 Zero-Knowledge Proofs first proposed
1985 300,000 simultaneous telephone conversations over single optical fiber
1985 Elliptic Curve Cryptography
1987 ARPANET had connected over 20k guarded computers by this time
1988 First private networks email servers connected to NSFNET
1988 The Crypto Anarchists Manifesto – Timothy C May
1988 ISDN, Integrated Services Digital Network
1989 Savings & Loan Bailout - After the widespread failure of savings and loan institutions, President George H. W. Bush signed and Congress enacted the Financial Institutions Reform Recovery and Enforcement Act - This was a taxpayer bailout of about $200 billion
1989 First commercial emails sent
1989 Digicash - Chaum
1989 Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau built the prototype system which became the World Wide Web, WWW
1989 First ISPs – companies with no network of their own which connected people to a local network and to the internet - To connect to a network your computer placed a phone call through a modem which translated analog signals to digital signals – dial-up was used to connect computers as phone lines already had an extensive network across the U.S. – but phone lines weren’t designed for high pitched sounds that could change fast to transmit large amounts of data
1990s Cryptowars really heat up...
1990s Some countries started to change their laws to allow "truncation"
1990s Encryption export controls became a matter of public concern with the introduction of the personal computer. Phil Zimmermann's PGP cryptosystem and its distribution on the Internet in 1991 was the first major 'individual level' challenge to controls on export of cryptography. The growth of electronic commerce in the 1990s created additional pressure for reduced restrictions.[3] Shortly afterward, Netscape's SSL technology was widely adopted as a method for protecting credit card transactions using public key cryptography.
1990 NSFNET replaced Arpanet as backbone of the internet with more than 500k users
Early 90s Dial up provided through AOL and Compuserve
People were leery to use credit cards on the internet
1991 How to time-stamp a digital doc - Stornetta
1991 Phil Zimmermann releases the public key encryption program Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) along with its source code, which quickly appears on the Internet. He distributed a freeware version of PGP when he felt threatened by legislation then under consideration by the US Government that would require backdoors to be included in all cryptographic products developed within the US. Expanded the market to include anyone wanting to use cryptography on a personal computer (before only military, governments, large corporations)
1991 WWW (Tim Berners Lee) – made public in ‘93 – flatten the “tree” structure of the internet using hypertext – reason for HTTP//:WWW – LATER HTTPS for more security
1992 Erwise – first Internet Browser w a graphical Interface
1992 Congress passed a law allowing for commercial traffic on NSFNET
1992 Cpherpunks, Eric Hughes, Tim C May and John Gilmore – online privacy and safety from gov – cypherpunks write code so it can be spread and not shut down (in my earlier chapter)
1993 Mosaic – popularized surfing the web ‘til Netscape Navigator in ’94 – whose code was later used in Firefox
1993 A Cypherpunks Manifesto – Eric Hughes
1994 World’s first online cyberbank, First Virtual, opened for business
1994 Bluetooth
1994 First DVD player
1994 Stanford Federal Credit Union becomes the first financial institution to offer online internet banking services to all of its members in October 1994
1994 Internet only used by a few
1994 Cybercash
1994 Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption protocol released by Netscape. Making financial transactions possible.
1994 One of the first online purchases was made, a Pizza Hut pepperoni pizza with mushrooms and extra cheese
1994 Cyphernomicon published – social implication where gov can’t do anything about it
1994-1999 Social Networking – GeoCities (combining creators and users) – had 19M users by ’99 – 3rd most popular after AOL and Yahoo – GeoCities purchased by Yahoo for $3.6B but took a hit after dotcom bubble popped and never recovered – GC shut down in ‘99
1995-2000 Dotcom bubble – Google, Amazon, Facebook: get over 600M visitors/year
1995 DVD
1995 MP3 term coined for MP3 files, the earlier development of which stretches back into the ‘70s, where MP files themselves where developed throughout the ‘90s
1995 NSFNET shut down and handed everything over to the ISPs
1995 NSA publishes the SHA1 hash algorithm as part of its Digital Signature Standard.
1996, 2000 President Bill Clinton signing the Executive order 13026 transferring the commercial encryption from the Munition List to the Commerce Control List. This order permitted the United States Department of Commerce to implement rules that greatly simplified the export of proprietary and open source software containing cryptography, which they did in 2000 - The successful cracking of DES likely helped gather both political and technical support for more advanced encryption in the hands of ordinary citizens - NSA considers AES strong enough to protect information classified at the Top Secret level
1996 e-gold
1997 WAP, Wireless Access Point
1997 NSA researchers published how to mint e cash
1997 Adam Back – HashCash – used PoW – coins could only be used once
1997 Nick Szabo – smart contracts “Formalizing and Securing Relationships on Public Networks”
1998 OSS, Open-source software Initiative Founded
1998 Wei Dai – B-money – decentralized database to record txs
1998 Bitgold
1998 First backdoor created by hackers from Cult of the Dead Cow
1998 Musk and Thiel founded PayPal
1998 Nick Szabo says crypto can protect land titles even if thugs take it by force – said it could be done with a timestamped database
1999 Much of the Glass-Steagal Act repealed - this saw US retail banks embark on big rounds of mergers and acquisitions and also engage in investment banking activities.
1999 Milton Friedman says, “I think that the Internet is going to be one of the major forces for reducing the role of government. The one thing that's missing, but that will soon be developed, is a reliable e-cash - a method whereby on the Internet you can transfer funds from A to B without A knowing B or B knowing A.”
1999 European banks began offering mobile banking with the first smartphones
1999 The Financial Services Modernization Act Allows Banks to Grow Even Larger
Many economists and politicians have recognized that this legislation played a key part in the subprime mortgage crisis of 2007.
1999-2001 Napster, P2P file sharing – was one of the fastest growing businesses in history – bankrupt for paying musicians for copyright infringement

submitted by crypto_jedi_ninja to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

DEVCON2 report: Day Three - Final day

previous days
Question: the 3 days of devcon are over. Are people interested in reports on the next 3 days of international Blockchain week (demo day + 2 days of global Blockchain summit) http://www.blockchainweek2016.org
`
Event update
The buzz during the day was around the "stick puzzle" that Bok Khoo was giving out to people. It is just a stick, with a loop of string. He gets you to turn away, he uses "the trick" to put it onto your bag and then you try to get it off.
The WeChat channel was just filled with everyone asking where they can get it, and the screaming that they can't figure it out. Only about 5 people reported they were able to solve it (I haven't yet)
http://imgur.com/mYfJQP4 http://imgur.com/4Euka1a
`
Sessions
I'm biased, but I thought the announcement from Microsoft with the update of cryptlets was a big deal. The morning sessions covered a few different oracle systems, the afternoon had lots of IPFS sessions.
Microsoft - A Lap around Cryptlets
https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/blog/cryptletsdd/ https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/templates/ethereum-consortium-blockchain-network/ https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/blog/authomarleyg
Microsoft was a sponsor of Devcon1 & 2 Ethereum is a 1st class citizen Support for community & partners - Bizspark, Meetups, Workshops
Announcing: Bletchley v1 Distributed Ledger stack V1 is a private Ethrerum consortium, that you can spin up for your own enterprise / group
http://imgur.com/olwwd36
Cryptlets are being developed to help with security, identity, etc. How do you get trusted external data feeds injected into the Blockchain? Doing things on a specific interval (every 15 mins) When price of something hits a threshold (oil goes above $40/barrel) Secure IP protected algorithms, but still share with blockchain network. Use libraries for common platforms (.Net, Java, etc)
Cryptlets vs Oracle Cryptlets will have a marketplace on Azure that will allow you to purchase and utilise
Use case: Trigger on an event Wake up on 4pm, if market was open that day, then give me the price of gold for that day.Get signature of attested server, attested sender.
Use case: Control Using smart contract like a traditional DB. Declare data you are keeping track of, and the functions/"stored proc" to update that data. Cryptlet runs off chain, and can be scaled up.
http://imgur.com/ysgL8S2
Utility cryptlet. Use an attribute in solidity contract with cryptlet details Developer references at design time the cryptlet they want the contract to call Contract cryptlet, deploy the cryptlet at same time as contract.
Why would you want Azure to do this? SGX allows you to create "secure enclaves", can have complete isolation on the hardware chip where it is not modifable. Provides a secure enclave at the CPU level. Can give full attestation right down to the silicon. Will be provided as a enclave container on Azure. Will be released for .NET core CLR first, then other languages. Can create cryptlet libraries that you can scale and put into the Azure marketplace. An ecosystem for developers & ISVs to consume and publish.
Bletchley v1 released today will let you spin up a private consortium. Before today, it took a long time to try and deploy a private consortium (can take weeks to read doco, Now takes 5 minutes to deploy! Creates a private consortium, puts each member in its own separate subnet
http://imgur.com/w4yUsqE
Mist Vision and Demo I was too busy sharing the release posts of Microsoft project bletchey v1, missed this talk. It did look interesting, I will watch this one later. Idea: Reward for bandwidth. Providing connection could replace mining as entrance point for desktop computers. Allow you to have a trickle so you can trigger smart contracts. Standardised backends, so that you can swap out the underlying node between geth, blockapps, etc.
Web3.js
https://github.com/ethereum/web3.js Etehereum JS API Smart conracts are EVM opcodes, Helps translates calls to JSON RPC calls. Helps do the ABI encoding when sending data from JS to EVM It kept on growing, many different utility functions being thrown in. Is time to clean it up and be refactored.
They are now building a NEW web3.js The communication will be socket based, will enable subscriptions. Everything will be based on promises to subscribe to events, like log events. Bunch of other newer cleaner methods and ways to do things like deploying contracts.
Smart contract security
Was a very good postmorteum of The DAO and things that could be done to mitigate it in the future.
An issue with The DAO was trying to do a massive jump from centralisation all the way to full decentralisation. Meant no one could step up and make a decision on how to save it. We need to make smaller steps towards full decentralisation as we learn as a community how to do this. Same security patterns as yesterday's talks: check invarients, beware 1024 call stack depth, reentry exploit (update state BEFORE executing calls), timestamps are manipulatable. Updateable contracts. Who can update it? Community multisig? We need better rools: formal verification, compiler warnings, improved IDEs, trusted libraries, excape hatches
Conclusion: It is still very early days in this space, be careful.
A Provably Honest Oracle Model: Auditable Offchain Data Gathering & Computations
Oracalize is the most widely used oracle (until everyone starts using Microsoft Azure cryptlets ;-) ) Contract calls Oracalize contract with the data they want, off chain they see this get the data, Oracalise then trigger their contract externally, which does a callback to your contract with the data. Can use external notary servers. Can get proof from multiple external services to get a higher level of confidence about data (e.g. stock price from a few feeds). Off-chain (auditable_ computation) AWS sandbox 2.0. Put the execution package onto IPFS, AWS gets it and executes it, signs it.
iEx.ec: Fully Distributed Cloud Thanks to the Ethereum Blockchain
http://iex.ec/ Provides blockchain based execution environments Global market for computing resources. Idea is to do what we did before with "grid computing" use the idle capacity of computers. But this time do a trickle of micropayments. Allows people to harness this global power to execute their tasks in a global "distributed cloud".
The Final frontier: The company smart conract
http://otonomos.com/ Helping companies to incorporate on the blockchain.
Smart oracles
https://github.com/smartoracles Connecting to external resources is difficult. Hard to try and use external currencies (like a bank account / fiat money) to make transactions. Could hook in paypal, HSBC, wells fargo, etc. Can provide your own payment services as an API to a smart oracle for smart contracts to consume. Do off chain data storage by calling smart oracle API Roadmap: more data sources & more payment methods
IPFS & Ethereum: Updates
https://Ipfs.io IPFS is AMAZING, seriously go watch the full 1 hour talks Juan has given in previous years.
Current web has current issues. Centralisation, etc. IPFS is a new hypermedia transfer protocol Content can be retrieved not from specific servers, but instead via it's hash so that it can come from anywhere in the network (maybe from the person next to you who has cached it). It is highly modular, all of the transfer protocals, routing, naming, etc. are all swapable Is available as GO-IPFS & now JS-IPFS Means now you can run IPFS in the browser IPFS was great for static content, but not so great for dynamic content. Low latency pub/sub protocol will help with dynamic data. Created a distributed peer to peer chat app using this new dynamic content protocol. IPLD a common link-tree hash format Will be able to use IPFS to retrieve ethereum blockchain blocks DIRECTLY Can use IPFS as a package manager to retrieve them in a distributed manner.
Many projects are using Ethereum & IPFS Uport, Digix, Infura, Ujo, Eris, Blockfreight. Filecoin was created as a way to try and incentivize nodes to keep files longer time. People rent out hdd space to earn filecoin. Exchange bitcoin/filecoin. Use filecoin to store files in network. Filecoin is going to be built on top of the public Ethereum blockchain, as a virtual blockchain / token.
IPFS Libp2p & Ethereum networking
Network connectivity between any 2 nodes can be difficult. Censorship, bandwidth, network issues, etc. Having to deal with different networking topologies and access. Libp2p & Devp2p is different. Devp2p is for Ethereum. LIbp2p is modular, can swap out components to change network access, encryption methods, etc. Can build up a MEGA mesh network, by utilising traditional wired internet, radio, bluetooth between some nodes. Web browser using web socket, to a node, which routes across network, to zigbee to a IoT device. Libp2p & Devp2p could merge and augment each other. Could create the libp2p components to replace the devp2p bits Any 2 nodes that speak the same protocol can communicate and be a part of the network chain. Experiment. They took the browser based version of EVM. Then used Libp2p to talk to the Ethereum network. Had a complete ethereum node running in a browser.
Uport
https://uport.me/ Universal identity platform Current challenges: key management. Ux for average person. Dapps via mobile. Identity and data ownership. How do you keep a consistent identity, even if you lose a key. Have some multisig contracts that you can use to keep track. Social recovery, use your friends to attest it is really you. Keep private key on mobile, do transactions on the desktop, scan a QR code to sign the transaction on your phone and send it off.
A Deep Dive into the Colony Foundation Protocol
It is an open source governance protocol built on Ethereum Problem with voting is how to prevent Sybil attacks. Votes are weighted by a reputation score. Reputation is non-transferable that can only be earned. Total weighted voting helps mitigate this.
Chain orchestration tooling & smart contract package management
Eris is tooling for developers. Package manager to build your own blockchain. Can compose a chain, e.g. geth + tendermint consensus. Init, install, do. Can easily install on Mac/bew, linux/apt-get, Windows/choco
The Golem Project: Ethereum-based market for computing power
http://www.golemproject.net/ Anyone can make an offer to sell computing power. e.g. Distributed rendering Want to create a standard framework that anyone can use to submit and process jobs.
Status: Integrating Ethereum Into Our Daily Lives
https://status.im Want to get ethereum everywhere. "Mist for Mobile" Everyone is using their mobile phones for everything, but mostly using instant messaging. What would Ethereum in a IM window look? Created a IM mobile app that has a local geth node. tart up, it asks you to create a password, it generates a pub/private pair. Then can send messages via whisper, and the messages are signed with your public key. Can load Dapps up in the local webview and interact with them. Allows you to create "chat Dapps", that you interact with via text. Like chatbots
Maker Ecosystem Overview
www.Makerdao.com Dai: seeking stability on blockchain. Stablecoin engine: smart contract that holds collateral reserves and controls the Dai lifecycle. MKR: open source community managing risk of the system In the last year, investing in a solid technical core. More slow and audit things. Moving into the next phase of stablecoin development. Their latest project is the "Simplecoin project" Meeting Thereum community's need for stability. An independent platform for creating centrally administered simple stablecoins. Issues create their own rule sets: Collateral types, participant whitelists, security parameters. Example: Shrutebucks. The only people who own it are Dwight, Jim & Pam. They backed it with 1/3 ETH 1/3 DGX 1/3 DUSD.
Orbit. A distributed peer to peer app on IPFS
https://github.com/haadcode Created a full distributed chat room, itself distributed through IPFS. It is integrated with uPort for identification Using uPort allows you to verify that you are talking to the correct person in the chat channel. All their messages are signed with their public keys He also created a full distribited twitter clone, using uport for the identity as well. Orbit-db key value store DB that stores its data on IPFS. Eventually consistent Appends data to the DB, an event is sent to those subscribed on pub/sub so they can see the latest root hash. Based on CRDT Ethereum + Pubsub + CRDTs + IPFS = super power primatives to build dynamic distributed apps
Development considerations with distributed apps. Need to ensure that apps work offline. No centralised servers. No data silos. Provide integration path.
Future work: could you use uPort for ACL like permissions? Mobile use cases, how to make it work nicely on mobiles
Building scalable React Dapp architecture
https://github.com/SilentCicero/react-dapp-boilerplate React + Ethereum He has a configured boilerplate template. Has contract scaffolding. Enforced contract Linting/testing. Wallet generation/identity. Preconfigured web3 instance. UI: Mature react arhitecture "react boilerplate". Prices listed in USD with ETH/btc via kraken api. A basic multi-contract example Dapp. Offline first, dapp runs without internet. Uses Redux. State models in UI & blockchains work well. PostCSS, CSS Modules, sanitize.cs. Redux, immutableJS, reslect, redux-saga, i18n, redux-router. Web3, ethdeploy, dapple, solium, eth-lightwallet, chaithereum, ethereumjs0-testrpc Enforced contract testing in 2 languages.
Ethereum for Enterprise (BlockApps Strato)
Trying to make sure that Ethereum stays relevent to enterprise development. Why do you need a blockchain WITHIN an org, shouldn't they trust each other? Well different departments may not, they may reconcile differently, and can help automate/orchestrate between them. Blockchain is the "killer app" for cloud financial services. Legacy infrastructure, batch prossing, etc are all restricting fintech from progressing. Blockchain can happen in real time, can replace legacy. Ethereum is very flexible and programmable, works well. There are others based on Bitcoin (like Hyperledger). Ethereum + Blockapps = Extreme productivity + Proven Technology. Blockapps is extending Ethereum for Enterprise. Runs very well on Azure Enterprises don't want all their data exposed on public chain. Blockapps helps solve data privacy and scaling with multichain fabrics.
submitted by DavidBurela to ethereum [link] [comments]

Welcome to My Profile - Referral & Other Links in this Post (Updated 01/02/2019)

I'm Joe. I'm one of many Joes, but I am uniquely me. I'm the messiest organized guy you'll ever meet. My glasses are always bent and my hair always a mess. I've never had a role model and as such am my own person.
Me across the web:
My dog blog:
Check out my t-shirts:
PopSockets apparently are a thing:
Appreciate something I did? Support me by using a referral link (note that a few of them are redirects):
submitted by joehx to u/joehx [link] [comments]

High Frequency Trading in Bitcoin Exchanges

High Frequency Trading in Bitcoin Exchanges
Introduction
In this post I analyze the presence and activity of high frequency trading in a Bitcoin exchange. Since to date this markets are extremely unregulated, such behaviour takes places with little to no constraint. I show how over 99% of orders placed are not meant to be filled, but instead to distort the perception of the market. In addition, I try to spot common HFT strategies, such as Quote Spoofing, Layering and Momentum ignition. Given the anonymous nature of these exchanges these last results are to some extent subjective. (FMZ.COM)
What is High Frequency Trading?
From Wikipedia [1], High-frequency trading (HFT) is a type of algorithmic trading characterized by high speeds, high turnover rates, and high order-to-trade ratios that leverages high-frequency financial data and electronic trading tools.
Methodology
This analysis has been carried out with order data from the Websocket stream from GDAX, a US based digital asset exchange [2] owned by Coinbase. It is one of the largest markets (over 42 MM USD/day) [3] and it exposes a high performance socket where all orders are broadcasted. In addition, it offers some interesting features for data analysis:
Orders are timestamped (as opposed to Bitfinex, for example)
It has millisecond granularity (again, as opposed to Bitfinex) (FMZ.COM)
It says whether an order has been matched or cancelled -one could argue that disappearing orders far from the bid/ask spread must have been cancelled (and it's true), but for orders inside the spread, this information is necessary.
While data has been captured for several days (at the time of this post I'm still capturing data), for the following analysis only data from July 21, 2017 has been taken. Mind you, there are still over 2 Million datapoints. (FMZ.COM)
Since the GDAX feed does not explicitly keep information of the current best bid/ask, a little preprocessing is needed. The best bid is the highest price for currently open BUY orders, while the best ask is the lowest price for open SELL orders. Although this calculation is not complicated nor particularly slow, it's better to explicitly append the current best bid/ask as additional columns. No further preprocessing has been carried out.
Related work
While writing this article, I came across a blog post from Philip Stubbings at Parasec [4], who made a similar analysis in 2014. While the amount of data differs by orders of magnitude, the findings are the same, especially concerning flashing orders. Quoting from his site:
I collected order book event data from the Bitstamp exchange over a 4 month period, between July and October (2014), resulting in a dataset of ~33 million individual events; A minuscule dataset in comparison to the throughput on "conventional" exchanges, see (Nanex: High Frequency Quote Spam) for example. (FMZ.COM)
While the event dataset consists of ~33 million events, these events can be broken down into individual orders and their types. In total, of the identifiable order types, there were 14,619,019 individual "flashed orders" (orders added and later deleted without being hit) representing 93% of all order book activity, 707,113 "resting orders" (orders added and not deleted unless hit) and 455,825 "marketable orders" (orders that crossed the book resulting in 1 or more reported trades).
As we'll soon see in this report, I recorded 2,169,450 events in less than one day. That means, the number of events per unit of time is 8 times bigger than in 2014. Flash orders are still a majority, representing over 99% of all order book activity.

www.fmz.com

www.fmz.com

www.fmz.com
HTF Strategies (FMZ.COM)
The Bocconi Students Investment Club (BSIC) [5] describes some strategies which the HFT traders use to distort the perception of the market. For this post I'll focus on Spoofing, Layering and Momentum Ignition.
Spoofing & Layering
Quoting from BSIC [5]:
Spoofing is a strategy whereby one places limit orders, and removes them before they are executed. By spoofing limit orders, perpetrators hope to distort other trader’s perceptions of market demand and supply. As an example, a large bid limit order could be placed with the intention of being canceled before it is executed. The spoofer would then seek to benefit from prices rising as the result of false optimism others would see in the market structure.
Detection
There is evidence of high frequency spoofing on July 21, 2017 between 09:45:52 and 09:45:56. Let's take a look at the order book. Red points are SELL orders (3 BTC @ $2741.99), vertical grey lines are cancellations and the blue and green lines are bid and ask price, respectively. (FMZ.COM)
www.fmz.com
One interesting thing is that neither the bid or ask price moves.
Also from [5]:
More controversial has been the act of layering which carries many similarities to outright spoofing, but differs in that orders are placed evenly across prices with the goal of reserving an early execution priority at each given price level. If the person has no trade to execute at that price point the orders are simply removed. Despite being more benign in nature, the act of layering also distorts market demand and supply perception. (FMZ.COM)
It seems to be evidence of layering. Let's take a closer look at the minute between July 21, 2017 between 09:41:00 and 9:42:00. Orders seem to push the ASK level downwards, eventually decreasing the BID price. Next, BUY orders are placed at this lowered level, to be sold when the BID price recovers.
www.fmz.com
Momentum ignition
Still quoting [5]
Momentum ignition is a strategy in which a trader aims to cause a sharp movement in the price of a stock by using a series of trades, which indicate patterns for high frequency traders, with the motive of attracting other algorithm traders to also trade that stock. The instigator of the whole process knows that after the somewhat “artificially created” rapid price movement, the price reverts to normal and thus the trader profits by taking a position early on and eventually trading out before it fizzles out. (FMZ.COM)
To detect momentum ignition, it is important to focus on the following three main characteristics as shown in the chart below:
Stable prices and a spike in volume
A large price movement compared to the intraday volatility
Reversion to the starting price under a lower volume
The following picture from zerohedge and Credit Suisse AES Analysis illustrates this behavior. (FMZ.COM)
www.fmz.com
Conclusion (FMZ.COM)
According to an interview carried out by The Atlantic [6] to Michael Kearns of the University of Pennsylvania and Andrew Lo at MIT, this behaviour also happens in traditional trading, and its causes are still matter of dispute. Relevant extract:
[...] why would a firm engage in this behavior? Lo and Kearns offered a few theories of their own about what could be happening.
To be honest, we can't come up with a good reason," Kearns said. What's particularly difficult to explain is how diverse and prevalent the patterns are. If algorithmic traders are simply testing new bots out -- which isn't a bad explanation -- it doesn't seem plausible that they'd do it so often. Alternatively, one could imagine the patterns are generated by some set of systemic information processing mistakes, but then it might be difficult to explain the variety of the patterns.
"It's possible that the observed patterns are not malicious, in error, or for testing, but for information-gathering," Kearns observed. "One could easily imagine a HFT shop wanting to regularly examine (e.g.) the latency they experienced from the different exchanges under different conditions, including conditions involving high order volume, rapid changes in prices and volumes, etc. And one might want such information not just when getting started, but on a regular basis, since latency and other exchange properties might well be expected to change over time, exhibit seasonality of various kind, etc. The super-HFT groups might even make co-location decisions based on such benchmarks." (FMZ.COM)
References
[1]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitfinex
[2] https://www.gdax.com/
[3] Source: https://coinmarketcap.com
[4] http://parasec.net/blog/order-book-visualisation/
[5] http://www.bsic.it/marketmanipulation/
[6] https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2010/08/explaining-bizarre-robot-stock-trader-behavio61028/
[7] https://docs.gdax.com/
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[USA-CO][H]ASUS P6T Deluxe V2 (LGA 1366) EVGA SR-X (dual socket 2011), GPU's, CPU's, ram, ssd's, psu's, monitors, 64bit phone case/mini computer [W]Paypal, Bitcoin, Cash, Trades,

well I got some stuff to sell, shipping included unless local only (80023 broomfield co), prices obo but I may not budge much depending on the item. Bitcoin preferred. Minimum order $40.
_
if your looking for something feel free to shoot me a pm I have alot that isnt listed and get alot week by week.
_
-----wanted-----
paypal
local cash
bitcoin, ether, zcash
TRADES (will only consider if it is a trade or great deal as my budget is short till I sell more)
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Timestamps/Pics-http://imgur.com/a/xZ2KG http://imgur.com/a/z9Ddx
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Items Description Price
ASUS P6T Deluxe V2 LGA 1366 I believe this board supports xeons $118+shipping for the board, $138+shipping for the board +I7 920
Emu 1212M PCI 24-Bit/192kHz Balanced Interface Mastering-grade 24-bit, 192kHz converters. Flexible connectivity. E-DSP 32-bit Multi-effects Processor. $42+shipping
R9 270x replaced fan with 80mm delta. stays extremely cool and isn't overwhelmingly loud $62+shipping
Saphire 7970 same as 280x $80+shipping
Amd Firepro S7000 -AS IS- Long text :P $70+shipping
EVGA SR-X Motherboard Long text :P Please no post craping on this item unless you can find a cheaper one online in stock
EMC 200GB ENTERPRISE 2.5" SSD HUSSL4020ASS600 would like to keep until i sell the sr-x as its a important part of my main rig. $150
DDR3 ECC reg ram 2G dat good ram for all your ram needs $7
DDR3 ECC reg ram 4G dat good ram for all your ram needs $10
DDR3 ECC reg ram 8G dat good ram for all your ram needs $15
64bit phone case+a phone/pico atx computer Long text :P $175+shipping
Xeon L5520 socket 1366 ... $5
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LOCAL ONLY (unless buyer pays shipping)
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LOCAL ONLY Description Price
vizio m321i a2 monitosmart tv 1080p, 120hz, 32 inch, pixel perfect, minimal back-light bleed $150
vizio m321i a2 monitosmart tv 1080p, 120hz, 32 inch, small spot of dead pixels, medium back-light bleed $90
lg 920p monitor (details on request) $40
Loaded dell r900 server 4p 2.8ghz?, 64 gigs ram, dual 1kw+ psu's, raid card, 5x 10k sas disks $150
Close to barebone dell r900 server no cpu's, 48 gigs ram, 1kw+ psu, 5x 10k sas disks $80
2x Cisco Pwr-rps2300 Redundant Power system each includes 2 1150 watt power supplys $40 each $60 for two
?dell 2850? (has been lying around for abit, failed raid sold as is because of that) $40
corsair cx 550m simi-modular $40
corsair ax 750 modular $65
corsair hx 750 simi-modular $60
evga 600b simi-modular $40
all of the psu's cx 550m, ax 750, hx 750, 600b $180
Sold Items Alienware m17x r4- sold
ASUS HD 7850- sold
Ballistix Sport 8GB Kit 4GBx2 DDR3- sold
gtx 760- sold
ASUS Z87-A- sold
i7 4770k- sold
MSI Eclipse Plus X58 LGA 1366 motherboard- sold
1x 7850-sold
2x evga gtx 980ti-sold
NIB Intel 5820k-sold
gigabyte gtx 960-sold
EVGA gtx 750 ti-sold
asus gtx 770-sold
r9 280x-sold
r9 280-sold
hd 7970-sold
hd 7950-sold
zotac gtx 980ti-sold
1 vizio m321i a2 monitor-sold
Some BTC-sold
submitted by cdabc123 to hardwareswap [link] [comments]

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